cognition: groups together the mental processes of perceiving, recognizing, conceiving, judging and
cognitive paradigm: focuses on how people and animals structure their experiences, how they make
sense of them, and how they relate their current experiences to past ones that have been stored in
THE BASICS OF COGNITIVE THEORY:
cognitive psychologists regard the learner as an active interpreter of a situation, with the learner’s
past knowledge imposing a perceptual funnel on the experience.
The learner fits new information into an organized network of already accumulated knowledge often
referred to as a schema, or cognitive set.
Cognitive explanations appear more and more in the search for the causes of abnormality and for new
methods of intervention.
Places the blame on a particular cognitive set.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY:
cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT): a blend of the cognitive and learning paradigms.
Pay attention to private events – thoughts, perceptions, judgements, self-statements, and even
thoughts, perceptions, judgements, self-statements and even tacit (unconscious) assumptions –
and have studied and manipulated these processes in their attempts to understand and modify
over and covert disturbed behaviour.
cognitive restructuring: is a general term for changing a pattern of thought that is presumed to be
causing a disturbed emotion or behaviour.
Beck’s Cognitive Therapy:
developed a cognitive therapy for depression based on the idea that a depressed mood is caused by
distortions in the way people perceive life experiences. tries to persuade patient