BIOL 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Agricultural Biotechnology, Starch, Papaya

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5 Apr 2018
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Khalid Shureih Assignment 3 1 101002466
Agricultural Biotechnology
The future of feeding the world
Khalid Shureih
101002466
BIOL 1010
Assignment #3 Option 1
11/15/17
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Khalid Shureih Assignment 3 1 101002466
Introduction
Agricultural biotechnology (also known as Agritech) is as old as human beings began to refine
their methods for agriculture. Practices of Agritech can be dated back as far as 10,000 years ago
with farmers determined to improve livestock and vegetation growth through the means of
selective breeding to acquire desirable traits to further the yield of their labor. These traits can
range from increasing the nutrition value of the organism to helping plants and animals fight
diseases by increasing their resistance to them (Bio, 2016). As we progress further in the
advancements of genetic engineering technology, agricultural biotechnology will continue to
become safer and a more efficient method to supply the world’s never-ending demand for food.
Much more research and milestones will have to be made in order for the world to comfortably
integrate GMOs (genetically modified organisms) in to our daily lives.
Background of Agricultural Biotechnology
Agricultural biotechnology is a field where scientific tools and techniques are used to modify and
alter living organisms (plants, animals, bacteria, etc.) and develop microorganisms to improve
their overall agricultural uses (Nature, 2012). One of the major scientific fields/methods used in
Agritech in acquiring desirable traits within organisms is genetic engineering. Genetic
engineering is the direct modification of the species genome. This process allows researchers to
take one or more specific genes from an organism and directly insert those genes with desirable
traits into the genome of another organism (Nature, 2012). This is possible because of our greater
understanding of DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid). Organisms that have been genetically modified
are labeled as a Genetically Modified Organism (GMO). Many plants today are GMO’s such as
apples, wheat, papaya, cotton, etc. (GMO foods, 2015). There have been health benefits from
GMOs because of the pharmaceuticals and edible vaccines that have been created because of
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