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Lecture 16

BIOL 1104 lecture 16_17 Tuesday March 20.doc

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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 1104
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
BIOL1104Lecture1617ChytridiomycotaFungiKnowChytridsPrimitivemaingroupoffungiTheyareassociatedwiththeamphibianworlddiminishingandwereinthepressbecauseofitMoviediseasepollutionlossofhabitatkillsoffamphibians30ofamphibiansareintroubleChytridisadeadlywidespreaddiseasePathogenaquaticfungusAffectsskinofamphibiansClimatechangemakesfungusworsetriggersreleaseofpathogentocauseittobemoredeadlySomepopulationscanrecoverwhileothersarewipedoutSolutionsSeveraldaysinmedicinalroomandgotmicrochippedandsetfreeandarenowdiseasefreeCaptivebreedingprogramatSanDiegozooSalamanderhasnoexternalgillsandhasrougherskinnowEmergentinfectiousdiseasepopsoutofnowhereandcausestroubleMoreandmoreofthemDontknowifactuallyhappeningmoreornoticingthemmoreZygomycotaMouldgrowingonbreadandfruitLeavethemoutfortoolongittakesoverNamedaftertheirreproductivestructurezygosporeswhicharelongfilamentstructurescarrysporesoffungusSexualandasexualreproductiondependingonthespeciesMajorsourceoffoodspoilageTheyareamajorproblemnopreservativeswillprobablybecolonizedanddecaythembyzygomycotaTheyareimportantdecomposersSporeDispersalLotsofsporessomehavecoolsporangiumstackwithpacketofsporesatthetopIthasabulbfilledwithwaterwarmsupwaterandthebulbpressureincreasesthenexplodesandsporesgoeverywhereGrowbulbgrowssunlighthitsanditburstsporesgoeverywhereZygosporeexplodesandprojectssporesandcolonizesGlomeromycotaPreviouslyclassifiedaszygomycotaNotverydiversebuttheyaremycorrhizascelloftherootofaplantwitharbiscularmycorrhizaAscomycotaLargestgroupabout30000speciesGetaftersaclikestructurecrownthatcarriesthesporescalledasciFamiliarforconsumptionLotsofwildonesthatareeatableEthanolinbeerbreadgeneticresearchsincecancultivateitsoeasilyItisafastgeneticorganismManygrowasyeastgrowthformoffungiFormyeastaunicellularfilament
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