This case study examines the occurrence of an ethical dilemma within an American
company operating overseas. Okama, a native Nyferian who works for the company
has been misusing the allowance money provided by his company and falsifying
rent receipts to cover up his excuses. Okama’s supervisor is now faced with the
dilemma on what ethical and best feasible action measures should be taken in
response to the finding regarding his subordinate’s wrongdoings.
Define the problem
The initial step that should be conducted is to identify the main problem and what
triggers such issue. According to the case study, the problem occurs when a Nyferian
employee relocated from Houston, Texas, Okama, had falsified his rent receipts to
cover up the fact that he has been misusing the monthly allowance that the company
had provided him for rent, utilities, and servants. When asked about this incident he
justified that he uses the money to support many of his relatives to pursue
education. This wrongdoing can indirectly impact negatively on the company’s
image if external people eventually find about that an employee of Oleum living in
the slums. It might spread grapevines that Oleum doesn’t pay enough, doesn’t care
for its employee, doesn’t give benefits etc.
Prior to drawing any assumptions, Okama’s supervisor should think of the following
factors? Why does Okama even bother to give up his monthly allowance? He is
provided with many facilities for him to live in comfort but instead, he chose to use
the money for other purposes. The key motive for this decision, is that Okama comes
from a collectivistic culture where an individual has strong family relations and each
individual is expected to support its relatives when in need. Okama demonstrated
that family is important to him and that he can not justify living in splendor while
his family is in the slums.
In an effort to better comprehend what is considered “ethical”, it is necessary to
analyze and utilize the framework of certain ethical theory. It is crucial because
ethical theories conclude how individuals act morally and the different approaches
that exist to defend/oppose such behavior: whether it being ethical or non-ethical.
In this case study, the ethical theory of Utilitarianism will be applied when
considering Okama’s behavior. Utilitarianism is appropriate for the study
considering the fact that it considers all stakeholders and that it aims to be most
beneficial to the most people.
After clearly defining the problem and the applicable ethical theory, one needs to
consider the various stakeholders and what alternatives are most ethical, effective
and feasible to apply to the pertinent ethical issue in the case. Ultimately an all-
things-considered action plan would be generated from this case study. The
following are the major stakeholders concerning the problem defined: a. Okama’s
supervisor-me b. Okama c. Okama’s family: nephews, nieces, parents d. Other employees in the company e. the public. For each of the stakeholder, suggestions are
provided followed by a course of actions that should be conducted for best results
that minize the results of negativity.
a) As Okama’s supervisor I would initially sit down and have another meeting with
Okama. Given that opportunity, I allow myself to explain that his wrongdoings will
not only impact himself, but other corporate-level and external stakeholders
concerned such as other employees, the company as a whole and the public.
Okama’s unethical practice (falsifying rent receipts) may lead on to more severe
behavior. Inform Okama that falsying records is never a good idea because he run
the risks in getting into serious trouble.
AFrom a utilitarian stance, by recognizing each person’s immediate value, we respect them
enough to address their need for happiness, and thus work to come to the
best compromise which meets all the best results for all stakeholders.
Oleum is an international oil company that
Considering this case, there are several st
has been falsifying receipts and misusing the money to support his relatives in
pursuing education. win situation, Okama should move to a slightly better
neighbourhood and spend half of his allowance on his family’s education.
standards and principles of trust, respect and integrity
Offer a win win situation, Okama should move to a slightly better neighbourhood
and spend half of his allowance on his family’s education.
1) Okana: if this goes out, he will lose reputation of being a credible person. If
company let him do this one time, what’s the chance he will not falsify other
2) The company: Falsifying records is never a good idea,
. Best solution is to first explain to Okana that his behavior can lead to
unethical issues in the long run. Also explain that living in the slums and lying
isn’t the right way to do it. If his main reason motivation behind his doing is
for a good cause, the company will let him but if anything goes out Okana has
to face the consequences whatever it may be.
Offer financial assistance to Okana’s? instead of benefits and bonuses it will
go towards scholarship for his siblings. and If you perform well, we will assist
and give partial assistance to ur families in need of education. Sign an agreement that he will not do so, if he is caught once again, he will have to
face the consequences severe punishment/lose his job.
3) Okana’s immediate families: with opportunities going to school, they can
have a better future and in the long run do the same thing to others and
contribute to the society
4) Other employees/colleagues: will cause jealousy at work and spread