Lesson 5: Food Security
Understand the nature of hunger as a global issue, understand that hunger is not limited to
developing nations, efforts to promote change and fight hunger, and look at how Canadians are
fighting hunger at home and abroad.
Part 1: Food Security as a Global Problem
• An overview of the global nature of hunger and food security; description of UN Millennium
Goal 1 that targets poverty and hunger
o Target 1: reduce half the number of people whose income is less than $1 a day.
o Target 2: reduce half
• It is a complex issue that 842 million people do not have enough to eat; although we have more
then enough food to feed the world, we do not know how to get it to people or how to connect
with the people. Not having enough to eat leads to malnutrition, which has more than enough
after effects of it (such as learning, working, health issues, and basic every day tasks).
• Poverty, education, health, agribusiness, technology, public policies are all avenues in which we
can start to fight against hunger.
• Obesity and health issues are linked to poverty – it is a question of food security
• What has contributed to hunger? What are solutions?
Part 2: Progress
• Where we stand as of 2023 in terms of achieving Millennium Development Goal 1. There has
been progress, but challenges still remain; there are still 1 in 8 people going hungry in the
Part 3: Canada’s Efforts
• Canada's global food security strategy, on the one hand, Canada has focused on the global fight
against hunger; on the other, there are factors that may diminish the impact of such efforts.
Canada has increased food aid and directing more aid towards agricultural development, as well
as developed a food security strategy:
o Increase availability of food through production and development
o Improve access to food via focus on incomes
o Nutrition and food safety
o Stabilize food security
o Governance of global food system
• Food security strategy – how?
o Food assistance and nutrition
o Sustainable agricultural development
o Research and development
• Critique: Canada’s emphasis on food production and supply good, and seems to address right to
food, but ignores the questions of access to land. The redistribution of land will reduce food
insecurity and benefit landless and small farmers. Part 4: Food Sovereignty
• Food sovereignty is a response to political and economically driven institutional barriers that
affect hunger and access to food. The concept is defined. Is it realizable?
• La Via Campsina: International Peasant’s Movement.
• “Food sovereignty goes well beyond ensuring that people have enough food to meet their
physical needs. It asserts that people must reclaim their power in the food system by rebuilding
the relationships between people and the land, and between the food providers and those who
eat.” It refers to a policy framework claiming the right of peoples to define their own food,
agriculture, livestock and fisheries systems, in contrast to having food subject to market forces.
o Acknowledges power and economic aspects of food production and distribution
o Rejects trade liberalization and subsidizing agribusiness
o Communitybased control is the way to ensure sustainable food production and food
• The 6 Pillars of Food Sovereignty: focus on food for people, value food providers, localize food
systems, puts control locally, builds knowledge and skill, and works with nature.
• “The fact that half of the world’s hungry are smallholder farms at a time when food production
should be sufficient to feed twice the world’s problem is a clear indication that food insecurity is
more a result of an extreme inequality in terms of access to land than a lac