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CDNS 2400 (22)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Cultural Heritage Conservation in Ontario.docx

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Canadian Studies
CDNS 2400
Stuart Lazear

Lecture 2 Cultural Heritage Conservation in Ontario: Provincial Policy and Laws th Jan 16 2012 Andrew Jean – Guest Speaker Next Week – he’ll be thee from 5:15 in room 210 Lecture mainly about tangible – buildings Many forces put cultural heritage at risk – i.e. social, economic, and environmental forces We need to understand these forces that put cultural heritage at risk Rural parts of Canada – different pressures than urban • Worried about the survival of their environment rather than the building of condos • Different heritage problems in rural vs. city What is the best conservation approach? • Three Pillars model (identify – figure out what you want to protect/protect – how to protect it  could be through buying it or through laws/support – ensure the protection  usually financial support) o This model has been followed for at least two generations • Other models? o Some tie into sustainable development and how interact with our world o Maybe we need to think of things in the holistic sense – modify our value system o Laws don’t’ really lend themselves to sustainable mindset Should heritage conservation be based on community values or expert opinion? • The people living within a certain radius? • Or to those people scattered across the nations with the same interests/values? • Or experts, who have spent their lives in developing the ability to look at a problem and determine a solution • There are often situations where the final outcome depends on experts • We need to reconcile the ideal – embrace the values of the community with legal decisions by professionals What is the role of government? • “It may be true that the law cannot change the heart but it can restrain the heartless” – Martin Luther King Jr. • Laws create consequences – if you want meaningful change, you do it through law (i.e. who gets the right to vote) • Example of conflict that was about the government’s involvement: o A large white oak tree is located in Oakville – it’s the name of the person commemorated by the tree (White) and also the basis of the name ‘Oakville’ o The tree was donated to the municipal government o Government wanted to get rid of ti and the community naturally was upset about this o After much negotiation, a decision was made to keep the tree where the roads built bulge around it o Happened in 2006 but it wasn’t until 2010 until a law was passed to protect the tree as part of the heritage • Another example: Picton Methodist-Epistopal Church • o Was used as a flea market, owned by a couple but tey wanted to sell it o Developers said that as long as the church was there, no one was going to buy the land o so they wanted to tear it down but the community did not want the church to go o then the government decided not to protect it and demolished it o it caused great dismay and trauma within the community which lasted over months since it took that long to demolish it (poor contractor) – many scars left on community and lot still on sale A Brief History of How we got here Today? • How did we get to town councils? • The British North America Act, 1867 – where it started – at confederation o This legistlation established a federal and provincial government and also the certai
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