Class 8 – March 7 2014
Same format – new section:
15 names/words/places and will be asked to identify them in more than 1 sentence
Based on chapter 6, and pages 25873, 291323, 392407
Slavery is one of the more unpleasant phenomena’s that human civilization has created. There
are two views of slavery: a state in which an individual is regarded as cattle with no legal rights
Debt slavery was common in the Greek and Roman world. It occurred when someone gained a
lot of debt they had to borrow money to survive the winter or to buy seeds. They had to pay the
loan against themselves, if they are unable to pay off the debt; you become a possession of the
creditor. Most of these slaves would be of the same heritage and culture.
Slavery as a result of war is common in antiquity. You go to war, you win everything on the
losing side (women, men, land, animals, etc.) The rules are the winners take all and do whatever
they want with their winnings. War provided a significant pool of slaves for both the Greek and
There is also slavery in forms of their level of freedom. For example, a slow death sentence
included being forced to work in the mines in the worst possible conditions until you die. Or you
can have a workman who doesn’t have any family and can train a young slave in the trade and
frees the slave when he retires and allows him to take over the business. And there are slaves
who are free. In some cases, someone would buy a slave and free the slave as long as he paid the
owner a certain amount of money to the owner.
Law of nature – Greeks regarded slavery as natural. Everyone who was not Greek (live in the
Greek world, speak Greek, Greek culture) was a barbarian, and therefore, is naturally a slave.
Law of nations – Romans believe that slavery is a status you fall in to (debt, war, etc.) and can
get out of.
Trade slavery – seen as demeaning
Prevalence of slavery in the Greek world: 13 slaves to every citizen. The larger the polis means
the greater number of slaves and their greater importance. Sl