April 4 , 2014
• True/false 20 questions 20%
• 4 essays – 2 pages each
The overthrow of the Persian Empire ushered in the Hellenistic Age. The initial response
to Alexander’s death did not look promising – generals starting fighting each other for
control over parts of the kingdom. Major powers emerged – the kingdom of Macedon
(controlled Macedon and Greece), the kingdom of Syria (controlled the coastland of the
eastern Mediterranean, Southern part of Ancient Minor after the fall of the Parthian
Empire), and the Egypt Ptolemy. These major empires controlled significant empires, but
they were constantly at the state of conflict and the borders continued changing.
Characteristics of the Hellenistic Age/Kingdom
• Alexander founded many cities that he saw of islands of Macedonia. The purpose of
the cities was to obtain land and provide administrative centers for the provinces of
Alexander’s kingdom, and to spread Greeks as the ruling class. The only area where
this pattern was not followed was in Egypt.
• The Greeks remained the elites in conquered lands. They considered themselves as
superior according to natural law. In Syria, there was an emergence of an oriental
elite, but was previously a fully Greek culture.
• The Greek city remained essentially a classical Greek city. One thing that disappeared
was its independence. You were a citizen of your Greek city and Rome. The polis had
disappeared – they were now the hubs of the administrative structure. The c