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Lecture 14

CLCV 1002 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Amphora, Mycenaean Greece, Exekias


Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCV 1002

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Greek Art Part 2
Free standing sculpture
Bronze Charioteer of Delphi
o More stiff character. To the lower abdomen, the character is very stiff.
o Very symmetrical hair style. Shows almost no emotion.
o Moving on in the evolution of sculpture from the Kouros.
Bronze Zeus or Poseidon, or God of Artemisium.
o The figure is bronze. As opposed to modelling the human body naturally, they made it
idealized. This isn't a model of a person, this is an idealized human body made by Greek
o One hand is forward for balance, and a spear is in the other. The head is in full profile. The
weight is on the left foot.
o The figure is bearded, and has his eye wherever he is aiming.
Fifth century sculptors
Phidias, the sculptor in charge of the Parthenon. He supervised all of the sculptors at the Parthenon.
o The pediment, the metope, and the frieze are seen at the Parthenon.
o We also call the Parthenon sculptures the Elgin Marbles. Named after Thomas Bruce who was
the 7th earl of Elgin in 1771. He got permits to fix the scaffolding on the Parthenon. Removal
of the sculptures weren't part of the plan, but they were moved anyway.
The collection became known as the Elgin Marbles. It consisted of the frieze, metope,
and the pediment.
o Lord Elgin used the antiquities to decorate his home, then sold them to a museum in order to
help get rid of his debt.
o Elgin is a famous name in Ottawa as well. Thomas's son James Bruce became the 8th Elgin in
1841. he was governor general of Canada.
The Acropolis Museum at Athens. People were confused about who owns the sculptures. They are
still part of the museum. In June, the Greeks opened the Acropolis museum in Athens. The Greeks
built the museum in order to get the sculptures back from the Brits.
The museum is set up to echo completely the cella of the Parthenon. It is in exact alignment, and
inside its display area is exactly the size of the cella in the Parthenon.
Free standing sculpture from the Parthenon
There was an explosion in 1687 that ruined parts of the building. In the 19th century Elgin removed
some of the sculptures.
The east pediment
o Its in the south section. The subject of the pediment is the birth of Athena. According to myth,
she sprang fully developed and grown from the head of Zeus. She is dressed in full armour.
All of the gods have come to watch.
o If you drew a line along the heads of the figures, you would have the image of the pediment.
o Heracles or Dionysus
Idealized human form. The figure is reclining on a stone. He relaxes on a cloak, and is
getting ready for the birth that is about to happen. Carved in the front and the back, is
a free-standing sculpture.
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