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Lecture 20

CLCV 1002 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Grand Admiral Thrawn, Anatolia, Battle Of Cunaxa


Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCV 1002

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Greek Myth
Theres o sigle defiitio of th…
There are only definitions that cover one or more aspects of it
Greek / mythos - tale or story
Really means the study of myth
Mths are aout gods, sagas/legeds aout histor
Myths contain elements of legends and vice versa
There is no single definition of myth, which is true
Etiology: the study of cause(s) (cause - study)
A eaple of a etiologial th, the Greek ask for eaple, h does it get dark at ight …
because the cause was that the horses the pulling of chariot of sun of exhausting work, dive into
the sea ad disappear ad ool off.
A reason for the grudge of Poseidon, i.e. that Poseidon built the walls of Troy, but he was not paid
for his work, and he was supposed to. Aka being the enemy of Troy.
Rationalism versus metaphor
They are deified humans
They are metaphorical, because of the primitive battle of, giants and gods fighting over the cosmos.
This mythical battle, can see metaphorically is a struggle between civilization (gods) and barbarism
giats. To otiue the etaphor, the gods o the attle, ea at this poit, iilizatio
triuphs araris.
Myth and Psychology: Freud (d.1939) and Jung (d.1961)
Freuds aalsis is ell ko, aordig to hi, the image of an infant human male, and their first
impulses is to his mom, and hatred to his father
To check impulses, and either to kill their fathers and marry their mothers
They do exist and manifested themselves
Human dreams and Saul (human wishes) aka repressed, and came to be a relationship between
their daughters. This became the Electra-complex
Collective unconscious
The interpretations by them, can lead the better understanding of any myths. Furthermore, classical
scholars think its suspiious.
There are many more approaches at interpreting myths:
o Decide which approaches would work best for you
o There is no single definition of myth
o No one theory (interpretation) is meaningful of all myths
Mount Olympus → th ad draa, diosus, greek draa, et
There is a map of Greece before you
Highest mountain in Greece,
Greece after the Peloponnesian War (c.400 -323 B.C)
Xenophon through Alexander the Great
The defeat of Athens of the Peloponnesian war, left Sparta the leading power of Greece, in her own
attitude, soon there was resistance against her. Athens got her over her defeated by Sparta, very
well, although she never regained her previous promise. Athens remains very strong, and the
strongest city states in the 4th century. Amongst the Greek cities there was fights, (Athens Sparta
and Thebes). At the time, there was alliances between them. Persian was a significant player,
supporting one side or another. Mentioning Persia in the early 5th century, provides the opportunity
a historical aside, presenting the Athenian Xenophon (430-355 B.C). Xenophon who finished
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