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CLCV 1002B: List of Terms to Quiz 1
written sources: literature, inscriptions, papyri
archaeological sources: buildings, artifacts, images
Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, Black Sea
Regions in Greece: Macedon, Thessaly, Peloponnese, Ionia, Crete
Plate tectonics – African plate moves north, volcanic activity
Mediterranean climate – hot and dry, climate influence of Sahara desert
fragmentation of culture:
mountains and sea, settlements near fertile plains
small scale states
Doric, Ionic, and Aeolic dialects
Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods (down to ca.6500 BC)
nomadic hunter-gatherers
the Franchthi cave – seasonal habitation 18,000 years
Neolithic period (ca.6500-3000 BC)
agricultural revolution, permanent settlements, Dimini in Thessaly
Advanced civilizations: urban centre, public architecture, centralized political
control (big man or chieftain), articulation of economy (agricultural base, with
craft specialization and trade)
Bronze Age (ca.3000-1150 BC)
Cycladic Civilization: Cycladic islands (ca.3000-1400 BC)
kyklos, seafaring
islands not fertile, volcanic and rich in natural resources (gold, silver, stone)
Cycladic figurines
Minoan Civilization: Crete (ca.3000-1400 BC)
Sir Arthur Evans and seal stones, Knossos 1900 AD
palace at Knossos the “palace of Minos
economic, administrative, religious functions
storage magazines (pithoi and cists), Linear A tablets
adyton, horns of consecration, double axe (labrys), labyrinth
Greek myth Aegeus and Theseus, Minos, Pasiphaë, Ariadne and the Minotaur
Helladic Civilization: mainland Greece (ca.2900-1150 BC)
Indo-European peoples – comparative linguistics and cognate words
Mycenaean culture (ca.1600-1150 BC) = the “Homeric Greeks
Mycenaecitadel, Lion Gate, palace and megaron
Grave Circle A – influence of Minoans, importance of warfare
Linear B tablets
Social hierarchy – wanax (“lord” or “king”), basileis (“mayors”), tereta
(land owners), craftsmen / professionals, slaves
Military hierarchy – lawagetas (leader of the people / army), hequetai
(followers / companions)
Foreign relations The Trojan War – ca.1200 BC
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