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Lecture

Siege Towers.docx


Department
Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCV 1002
Professor
C L C V

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CLCV 1002 B March 27th
Siege Warfare
Auxiliary troops: Different kinds of light infantry (long distance attack)
- Javelin throwers
- Slingers: More useful for long distances, extremely effective
- Archers (150-200 m)
Siege Towers:
Artillery: Catapults
- Use science to create weapons
- Flexion: bending something
- Torsion: Energy from torsion, twisting rope.
Philosophers in warfare: Used their knowledge to create weapons.
- Thales helped armies of Miletus on campaign
- Archimedes and the siege of Syracuse (212 BC): Mathmatecian
- Creates some of the most effective siege engines and counter siege engines
-
Medicine
- Antibiotics, anagesics, anesthetics not available in ancient Greece
- Did not understand infection, didn’t know how it works
- Joseph Lister: Figured out that bacteria causes infection.
- Antisepsis (1860)= procedure to fight infection
- Sterilize instruments
- Many people die in infancy, don’t make it to 5
- Rational medicine: Created by pre-Socratic philosophers (6th BC)
- Before them, Greeks believed that illness was sacred. Illness sent by the Gods, a punishment for
something you did. So approach to healing was sacred purification.
- Greeks never move completely away from religious treatment
- Miasma= sacred “pollution”
- Egypt= mummification/ autopsy so have great knowledge of medicine
- Familiar with anatomy of body
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