CLCV 1003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Bloody Knife, Offal, Lares

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Religion and Ritual
Religion, Ritual/Cult, Belief
-prevalence of the “gods” in everyday life
-polytheism
-syncretism > blending of two or more religious belief systems into a new system
Polytheistic
-Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus (3 cellas)
-Temple of Portunus
-Temple of Saturn
-Temple of Mars Ultor
-Pantheon
-Temple of Trajan
-Temple of Antoninus and Faustina
“Greek” Gods
-Zeus (Jupiter)
-Hera (Juno)
-Athena (Minerva)
-Aphrodite (Venus)
-Ares (Mars)
-Hephaistos (Vulcan)
-Asklepios (Asclepius)
-Herakles (Hercules)
Etruscan Mirror
-2 Etruscan mirrors (from c. 350 BCE) showing Herakles > HERCLE > becomes Hercules in Latin
-also showing:
ESPLACE (Aesklepios)
PRUMATHE (Prometheus)
MENRVA (Minerva)
Temple of Apollo at Veii
-statues on the roof
-Hercle and Apulu (Hercules and Apollo)
Sanctuary of Aesclepius at Pergamum
-place of healing
-drew in new people
Temple of Baal at Palmyra
-synthesis of architectural styles > triangles on the top, entrance on the long side
-worships Baal, head of the gods (Jupiter), sun and moon gods
-destroyed by ISIL in August 2015
-Arch “of Triumph” destroyed by ISIL last week
“Foreign Gods” - Roman Syncretism
-Cybele
the mother godess
Magna Mater > “The Great Mother”
originates from modern Turkey
brought to Rome in the 3rdC BCE
temple on the Palatine Hill
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