CLCV 1003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Aeneid, Roman Abacus, Rhetoric

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Education
paedagogus
-from the Greek paideia > teaching, education
-household slave responsible for teaching the children (nanny)
-abecedary > teachings inscribed on it
Etruscan abecedary on a chicken askos vessel (6th century BCE) > alphabet
Greek abecedary on a drinking vessel (5th century BCE)
Greek abecedary on a ceramic bowl found in S. Italy (3rd century BCE)
-practice Greek alphabet on Roman papyrus
-Syllabary on a wooden tablet > written in Greek and Coptic, from Roman Egypt
ludus
-elementary school
-ludus also means “game”
-Wax tablets from the Roman Egypt (7th century BCE)
-calx (pl. calces) > counters on Roman abacus
Classroom Management
grammaticus
-teaches children in their teens (high school)
-Iliad, Oddessey, Aeneid
rhetor
-taught rhetoric > oratory and argument
-teen boys
-legal cases
-Juvenal, Satire 7
“the rapist”
“dosing with poison”
“wicked ungrateful husband”
“cure for chronic blindness”
tirocinium
-recruitment or training > for both rhetoric and military
-toga praetexta > exchanged for toga virilis
coming of age ceremony, given the manly toga
Functional Literacy
-only 20-30% literacy
-advertisements for elections and gladiators painted on walls in Pompeii
-Gladiator grafitti - Pompeii
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