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Lecture 2

CLCV 1008 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Tutankhamun, Heinrich Schliemann, Cultural Anthropology

Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCV 1008
Goodfellow Marianne S.

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September 12th, 2012
Archaeology-Lecture 2
The Early Years
The nature and aims of Archaeology
Archaeology is both a physical activity out in the !eld and an intellectual
pursuit in the study or laboratory
It is the ‘past tense of cultural anthropology’
The distinction between Prehistory and History
The nature, specializations and ethics of archaeology
Explanation and interpretation of material culture
(Traditional vs., recent Approaches)
Big Discoveries
Tutankhamen –The new face
Troy-In turkey
Schliemann excavated in Troy and Mycenae
Found lots of gold
It was named Lion’s gate by the 20th century writer?
The Ruins of the Maya- Gatherwood and Stevens
Archaology-1st century-1st use of the word
Actors that recreated ancient legends on stage
17th century-Jacque spon –Archeography +Archeology
Collected ancient exotic things
Word was recreated
Greek Meaning: The land between two rivers
Sumerians settled in lower Mesopotamia
Well known for inventing cuneiforms, law, irrigation and the WHEEL
oWheel was !rst used for pottery
They worked copper, silver, Gold
Used Ploughs driven by Oxes
Solid wooden wheels for chariots
oScribed clay and set in sun to dry
oPictograms drawn with a reed
oUsed to record deed, transactions, laws etc
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