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Lecture 18

CGSC 1001 Lecture 18

2 Pages

Cognitive Science
Course Code
CGSC 1001
Deirdre Kelly

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Mental Illness CGSC 1001 A Lecture 18 Central Debate • The central philosophical debate over mental illness is not over its existence,  but rather over how to define it, and whether is can be given a scientific or  objective definition.  What is Mental Illness? • Real: With the more serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar  disorder, causing chronic, lifelong problems • Differing areas of mental illness cross­culturaly and across time Mental Illness vs. Physical Illness • Not psychological vs. physical causation • Not symptomatic • Not brain based Should We Classify? • Controversial classification: homosexuality, personality disorders, ADHD,  dysthymia, and pre­menstrual dysphonic disorder. • Foucault: Enforcing a morality or sense of “normality”; Folie et deraison:  Histoire de la folie a l’age classique (History of Madness) What is a Disease? • An organism is healthy at any moment in proportion as it is not diseased; and  a disease is a type of internal state of the organism which: o Interferes with the performance of some natural function­ i.e., some  species­ typical contribution to survival and reproduction­  characteristic of the organism’s age o Is not simply in the nature of the species, i.e. is either atypical of the  spe
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