CRCJ 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Environmental Design, Routine Activity Theory, Broken Windows Theory

23 views6 pages
Oct 23
Conditional Release
-submit an application at any time for ETA. Temporarily outside prison, short amount of hours or days
-submit an application of UTA depends on length of sentence. Also depends on security level. (Max,
medium, minimum)
Work Release
-prepare reintegration learning skills. Max of 60 days. Available at 1/6 of sentence or 6 months of
sentence, whichever is longer?
Day parole
-spend day out in public and nights in jail. Sentence less than 2 yrs. than you are allowed day parole
after 1/6 of sentence
Full parole
-technically finish sentence in community. However a lot of people breach parole regulations and go
back to prisons.
-Available after 1/3 of sentence.
-They are becoming harder to get (Drug and violent arrest= ½ of sentence must be completed for full
-70% percent success rate, so they are no violations of conditions of parole. 30% go back to jail. And 20%
of that 30% is simply violations of conditions, so usually not an actual crime committed.
Fauteux Report
-best way to protect is to rehabilitate
-in order to prevent multiple offences is to pay attention to individuals
-criminals are victims of society (they are poor, mental illness etc..)
-crime is a result of inequality
-written in sociological context when there wasn’t a lot of tolerance for diversity
Daubney Report
-best way to help society is not rehabilitation, incapacitation is.
-so the parole board moved from a program of help towards risk management
-today in parole board, individual has to prove he has changed and is better person.
-we are too soft on criminals.
-most important factor in PBC is protection of society, if individual is a risk, he is not granted parole.
-result is people spend more time in prisons which increases its population.
Statutory Release
-used to be automatic. After 2/3 completed in halfway house
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
-now there are more restrictions
-ex: life sentence or dangerous offenders are examples of people who don’t get statutory release
-child porn and level 2 assault of police officer requires full sentence
-statutory release is for people who were refused parole.
-not interested in the act. Point of focus is decisions or context or criminal opportunity.
-what should be done to act on crime?
-crime is a normal choice
Classical Criminology
-Beccaria and Lombroso both fathers of criminology
-Beccaria’s impact is felt more in criminal justice then criminology
-enlightenment period: a project to reorganize society, to rethink foundation of order outside of
traditions and religion
-human act on free will
-rethinking human actions out of realm of destiny.
-sovereign power will become expression of people’s rule
-punishment should be manifestation of reason
-beccaria wants to establish rational standards to punish. Reasons to inflict pain
-Elias wrote about government removing violence from social life. Privatization of pain.
Rational-legal authority
-no longer traditional or charisma founded on reason and it will construct a bureaucracy
-political philosophy
-theory of justice
-aims to identify conditions of just society
-what forms of punishment is just?
-best society is the one where happiness level as at its peak
-limitation of displeasure
-Penal minimalist position, use criminal law as least as possible.
-Becarria: assumes people have free will, actions are for pleasure or avoidance of pain
Criticism of Nozick
-focus on pleasure is doomed.
-ex: Brave New World
On crime and Punishment: Cesare Becarria
-punishment should be proportional to crime and not used excessively. Particularly against crime that
don’t threaten social fabric of society
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.