CRCJ 4001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Identity Management, Youth Justice Board, Sex Offender Registry

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CRCJ 4001
Jan 18
Context of technology
-New technology is inherently attractive to an industrial society
-technical innovation becomes synonymous with progress. Being opposed to it to be a heretic, old
fashioned, backwards etc..
-technology is normally seen positively.
-technology has completely altered the practice of law enforcement.
-what are the consequences of advanced technology in surveillance and corrections? The technology
may not be perfected, they may be faulty etc..
-technology can increase social divides. IF we look at a truth as being legitimate it could be problematic
due to it being an absolutely correct tool we rely on.
-One example of improper technology could be capital punishment. Electric chair, death by drug and gas
have all failed for various reasons
Hard technology
-physical forms of technology. Including but not limited to: cameras, baggage screening, taser
-normally in the name of prevention or protection. Used by government or private individuals.
-New weapons and police equipment would fall under this category
-or they can use the hard technology as a way to commit a crime, like a gun.
Soft technology
-refers to information systems, computer databases. (ex: Offender management system, Sex offender
-the use of information to prevent crime and improve police performance.
-these programs can help carry out corrections.
See article for table
From narrative to database
-media normally covers the more shocking, bizzare or gruesome. The public hence believes crime to be
predominantly violent and out of control. Creates a more “tough on crime” narrative being
-most people are incarcerated for non violent offences
-most popular crime tv have limited depictions of an offender. Their showings of offenders are not very
-each technology has its own set of norms and behaviour associated with it. Phones are normally only
used in certain setting and not others. There are also illegal and legal uses of the device.
Risk assessment tools
-these questionnaires come from insurance industry. Set of factors an individual will go through, than a
“risk” score is associated with them.
-has reduced qualitative writing on an individual. Replaces the individual and professional narrative of
person filling out form into pre constructed clusters and groups.
-drug abuse, psychopathy, recidivism, anti social personality, sex offences, domestic abuse and alcohol
abuse risk assessments all exist.
-these test are often very categorical. Black/white.
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