Class Notes (834,026)
Canada (508,290)
CRCJ 1000 (270)
Lecture 2

CRCJ 1000 Lecture 2 Notes.docx

4 Pages
172 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course
CRCJ 1000
Professor
Nicolas Carrier
Semester
Winter

Description
CRCJ 1000 Lecture 2 Notes January 15 2012 What is Crime? - Malum in se: some behaviors are criminal in nature - Deviance: breach of norm, unusual activity - The very product of law in action=criminalization *Criminology takes a factual or normative approach Normative approach: suggests some standards on what is regarded to be a crime Crime as Wrong in itself= Normative - Malum Prohibitum: acts that are wrong because they are prohibited - Malum In Se: acts that are wrong in themselves Raffaele Garofalo called crimes natural (Crime is a behavior against a nature of man) - Stressed toe be loyal and honesty - Pity: to care about others and to be touched when people are in a bad state - He ontologized crime - Crime ontologized: crime is being independent from observers *treated something by itself (Problems of Inconsistency) Hagan’s Pyramid of Crime - High, Medium, Low (Harm, Consensus, Reaction) - Conflict, deviations, diversion Crime - Anything that violates human rights is a crime - Green Criminology: crimes against the environment and the earth *Example: Pollution Criminologists produce theories why people commit these crimes Deviance - Association of the criminal and the deviance - Two ways to produce deviance - Angle: normative approach  The essence, how things must be  Normality/Abnormality  Prescribes what to be  Example: - Average: factual approach  How are things in the social existence  Usual/Unusual  Descriptive position  Example: *Criminal norms are always accompanied by an enforcement apparatus - What happens if you do something? Informal Social Norm Example: don’t pick nose in public Formal Social Norm Example: - Criminal norms are maintain counter factually Crime as Laws Product Legal Formalism: a crime is a crime that is in the criminal code *formally prohibited in the criminal code - Others view this as not satisfactory; crime should be looked both in books and in action - Factual approach should be taken (looking at crime factually) - Crime as constituted reality or as social construction * Example: the act of killing someone will be considered a crime depending on various factors (Killing during the act of war not considered a crime) - The consequence of labeling something as a crime= followed by punished (justice) - Decision on what is ought to be punished (political) Criminology as Communication - Criminalization leads to denunciation (expresses views) Penal Populism: the political exploitation of the fear o
More Less

Related notes for CRCJ 1000

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit