CRCJ 1000 week 7

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Criminology and Criminal Justice
CRCJ 1000
Nicolas Carrier

CRCJ 1000 Lecture Notes March 5 2013 *Notes from last week’s lecture Conditional Release: Medical, family, community service  Cannot be in a federal prison – moreover a medium security prison  Depends on length of sentence Work Release: 1/6 or 6 Months  Working in the community to gain some skills  Framed as the project of rehabilitation  No Longer Then 60 Days Day Parole: Provincial 1/6, federal varies with length of sentence  Access to this at 1/6 of the sentence Full Parole  Available after you serve 1/3 of your sentence  Example: infractions related to drugs  Granted less than 25% of requests (3/4 chance refusal for parole will be given)  Reoffending occurs on those who are on parole Statutory Release - Usually 2/3 of sentence, sentence done under supervision - Increased restrictions and electronic monitoring Classical and Neoclassical Criminology (Week 7) Classical Criminology (Jeremy Bentham & Cesare Beccaria Neo-Classical Criminology (more governmental based type of criminology) Main Basis: how can make it less likely for crime to happen (deterrence through prison sentences) I. Classical Criminology Enlightenment: we are free will individuals  Emphasis is based on freedom, rights and equality (putting in force of regulation)  Sees violence as uncivilized behavior  Philosophers claim punishment should be with reason- leading to utilitarianism Utilitarianism: the greatest good for the greatest number Cesare Beccaria - Penal Minimalism - Crime as Unjust Profit - Crime as rational strategy  Beccaria believed that people commit crimes depending on the greater profit  Punishment (reason > passion) Utility of Punishment - Cruelty habituates people towards violence - Instead of seeing victory of law, we create anger towards political power - Punishment should no longer be public/violent – should be quick and moderate - Celerity: enlightening the vulgar ones (justice must be done to show people the consequences of committing the certain crime - Certainty: there must be a level of certainty - Moderation: means punishing the individual in just a right amount to produce a deterrent effect Jeremy Bentham - Protecting citizens from sovereign power - People are asking for more protection by the state - If you cannot produce that punishment does not show deterrence, then punishment should not occur - Panopticon: a prison design that Bentham proposed  You would never know if you were being watched or not  Building prisons like this, would allow prisoners to reform their selves since they are being watched at all times. Right Realism - People suggesti
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