CRCJ 1000 Feb12th Lec 5.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Criminology and Criminal Justice
CRCJ 1000
Nicolas Carrier

CRCJ 1000 Feb 12 2013h Lec 5 Punishment Socio-historical Introduction - Punishment cannot be explained by crime - Need a model of understanding punishment other than just crime - Weber: institutionalization of punishment has to be located in state formation - Different ways to deal with crime depending on the social class - If the notion of infliction appears around the 12 century, it is in the 14-15 century that we will see the rise of the use of death penalty; we will also see a generalized sort of punishment. - During that time, punishment is spectacular in nature – the king wants to show his power through the spectacle of punishment. - Will lead to a modern way of doing justice - Rusche and Kircheimer: they suggested that when the death penalty recedes it is because of the new importance of human life – it increased. In period of economy growth, we tend to see a more tolerate penal system. The value placed on human life depends on the economy value. - Melossi: tries to analyze transformation I penal policies. - Death penalty recedes when the prisoners works on galley slavery = helps the king augment its military power - Penal Transportation: for colony extension – people to be deported and to work as slaves - UK prisoners sent to the US to provide free labor - After the declaration = overcrowding of prisons = used prison hulks; incarcerated there – “floating prisons” - New strategy using Australia - John Howard: published The State of the Prison - Incarceration was not a way to do criminal justice – it was a way to own the body and whatever you please with it. - Modern Prisons: first developed in the USA: two confliting models: 1. Pennsylvania Model: religious foundation. Every inmate will be in isolation without contact with other inmates, the idea was that the individual will start to feel remorse and a way to reflect on their past and ideally will start to have a conversation with god and start to rehabilitate themselves. (people actually ended up going crazy and not rehabilitating themselves) 2. Auburn Model: based on a program of discipline, rigid work, daytime; inmates would work together without talking. - Auburn Model was better - De Tocqueville: - made sense to transform the criminals into workers - Invention of prison will allow for the birth of scientific criminology - Foucault: birth of modern prison signal the birth of disciplinary society Penological Rationales - Punishment is intentional infliction of pain - Sometimes the rationales are put together and sometimes they conflict - Retributivism: Kant – critique of rehabilitation. Difficult to distinguish from vengeance. - Consequentialism: interested in what will happen, true punishment. “an eye for an eye” , position of Bentham. 1. Denunciation: communicate morals, the purpose is to establish that what
More Less

Related notes for CRCJ 1000

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.