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Class Notes for Earth Sciences at Carleton University

ERTH 2415 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Natural Disaster, Emergency Management, Social Vulnerability

find more resources at oneclass.com Lecture 2: Disaster and Emergency Management What makes a disaster? The occurrence of a natural hazard, and a natural disaster. Disasters are social phenomenon...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2415
Jason Mah
ERTH 2415 Lecture 9: ERTH 2415_ Lecture 9

Lecture 9: Plate Tectonics and Volcanoes Volcano eruptions get their source of energy from the Earths internal energy Lecture objectives: To understand the magma characteristics that control peaceful versus explosive volca...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2415
Jason Mah
ERTH 2415 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Plinian Eruption, Volcanic Plug, Volcanic Plateau

Lecture 10: Eruptive style and landforms I Recall that volcanic eruptions are a natural hazard that get their source of energy from the Earths internal energy. The objectives of this lecture are: To understand the mechanic...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2415
Jason Mah
ERTH 2415 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Seismic Wave, Inverted Pendulum, Seismometer

Lecture 5 Faults - Earthquakes are caused by sudden movements along faults o Stress builds up over several years before it is released - Magnitude: amount of energy released during an earthquake ...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2415
Claire Samson
ERTH 2415 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Continental Crust, Oceanic Crust, Outer Core

Lecture 3 **Important Lecture J. Tuzo Wilson (1908-1993) > father of plate tectonics Distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes > Earthquakes and volcanoes do not occur at random locations > Most of them coincide with plate...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2415
Claire Samson
ERTH 2403 Lecture 12: Marine Resources + Environmental Concerns + Law of the Sea

ERTH2403 Lecture12 Marine Resources Video: Why ocean matters o Every second breath you take comes from the ocean (makes more than half of oxygen) o Regulates climateenvironment o Has largest mountains and deepest canyons o...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Tractive Force, Tidal Acceleration, Wave Height

ERTH2403 Lecture8 Tides Tides Periodic-short-term changes in the height of ocean surface at particular places o Wavelength (L) = circumference of Earth o Wave height (H) = 2m to rarely...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture 11: Marine Animals Cont’d

ERTH2403 Lecture11 Marine Animals Contd Video: o All marine organisms are perfectly adapted for the environment they live in o Pelagic fish travel in large groups for protection, predators adapted to hunt them down more ef...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture 3: A Brief History of Oceanography

ERTH2403 Lecture3 A Brief History of Oceanography War and Technology o Oceanography important to countries in the World Wars to find routes in Atlantic, travel unnoticed, and for submarin...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture 9: Life In the Ocean

ERTH2403 Lecture9 Life In the Ocean System A network of relationships of elements or components that interact with and influence one another o Exchange of energy, matter. Ecosystem All l...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Intertropical Convergence Zone, Langmuir Circulation, Upwelling

ERTH2403 Lecture7 2. Langmuir Circulation o Steady wind o Generates small waves o Induce rows of rotating and counter-rotating cells o Divergence Upwelling o ...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture 6: Atmospheric Circulation + Ocean Circulation

ERTH2403 Lecture6 Atmospheric Circulation The Atmosphere Envelope of gases, water vapor, and airborne particles o Climate Long term study (average) of the atmosphere/environment o Weat...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture 5: Water and Ocean Structure

ERTH2403 Lecture5 Water and Ocean Structure Water o Water Molecules and Chemical Bonds Molecule A group of atoms held by chemical bonds The chemical formula...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture 4: Features of the Ocean Basin Floors

ERTH2403 Lecture4 Features of the Ocean Basin Floors Bathymetry The study of ocean floor contours (outline, shape) o Bathy = deep; meter = measure; o Mapping the ocean floor o ...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali
ERTH 2403 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Siliceous Ooze, Cambrian Explosion, Pteropoda

ERTH2403 Lecture10 Marine Animals I. Zooplankton o Size range from 2 m (heterotrophic flagellates, protists) up to several meters (jellyfish) o Floating animals o Heterotrophs ...

Earth Sciences
ERTH 2403
Hafida El Bilali

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