Essay questions on final. Pick kinds of evidence you would like to discuss.
For this second test, 75 questions.
Old e, eme, pde.
10 true or false
20 random multi choice
List of 20 features of earlier form of eng. Pick is old e, mod e, all of the above
25 multi choice on 5 passages. Most have gone over in class.
Don’t really need the evidenve b/c if about word order, know talking about syntax. Use
evidence where useful for you, but can rely on own knowledge.
Mark version number on scantron
Lexicon, think about lexical continuity. Exist in past, still exist in later. Where did our words today
come from? Where do borrowings come from—external history of language. OldE old norse
borrowings, middle French, EME latin/greek->inkhorn terms means too geeky/unnecessary.
Fastest lexical growth during EME. Dictionaries.
Phonology, great vowel shift. Close correspondence to spelling/sound. Spelling becomes
increasingly wacky. Caxton solidifies some of these. Some consonant sounds, new phonemes
and development. Interdental fricatives=allophones of same phoneme. became separate
phonemes. Velar nasal. Think of context of sounds, ex ja=palatization, f and v sounds, in old E,
pretty predictive when these would happen.
Some feats early orthography, long S stayed same. U and v remain interchangeable. Runic
letters in old e, replaced by digraphs by Normans after 1066. Thorn squashed into y shape but
Semantic change on case by case basis. talking abo