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HIST 1001-B Oct. 11,2012.docx

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HIST 1001
Hal Goldman

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Ius Naturale (Natural Laws) Latifundia Punic Wars (Rome v. Carthage) (269-241:218-202:149-149BC) Carthaginians Cato (234-149BC) Paterfamillas (Father of the family) Julius Caesar First Triumvirate (Julius Caesar, Pompey Crassius) ca. 60BC Gaul Mare Nostrum (Latin, “our sea”) Imperator (Latin “Emperor”) Octavian (63BC-13AD) Augustus Caesar Mark Anthony (83?-30BC) Second triumvirate (Octavian, Mark Anthony, Leidus) ca. 43 BC Princeps (First citizens) Battle of the Teutoberger Forest(9AD) Arminius aka Herman the German Pax Romana (Roman Peace) Silk routes Insulae (Latin “islands”) Coloni (Latin “farmer”) -power and wealth of commoners started improving -Important precedent -> Common men could rise to power -Problem in Rome: Armies too large, power wasn’t in power -> Citizen farmers were soldiers (Only land owners could be in the army) -Landless Romans were then allowed to join army as volunteers -They weren’t motivated to fight for Rome as citizens because they had no land to fight for -Expected to be rewarded in land so they looked and choose the good commanders -Army became full of foreigners who weren’t Roman citizens -> They were not loyal to Rome, rather loyal to the commanders -Roman defeated and destroyed the Carthaginians who were the semitic people -Romans controlled most of the Mediterranean -Rome then extended full citizen rights to Romans -Most citizen was extended to non-romans: Exception was the right to vote -Conquered people ran their own affairs -Rome was a society on the move -People that were conquered were something more than just subjects -> They had a loyalty to Rome -Anyone crossing Rome felt the brutality and wrath of the army -Rome had a vicious life -168 BC -> 3 wars, 45 years defeated the Macedonians -Macedonia was split up and the two sides were forbidden to intermarry -After the conquestion, they had 250 chariots with loot paraded into the city. -Next day, they had Macedonian brass and steel armour which showed the the people were stripped of the ability to fight -> Wealth was returned to Rome. -120 Oxen were also marched through, they were led to be sacrificed and the meat would be given to the poor -King Perseus’ children marched out -Perseus came out and he was seen as the greatness of misfortune (His friends and close ones also came out -Rome was filled with foreigners and it was cruel. -> Sophisticated and cosmopolitan, wealth and well versed in Greek -Cato: Sense
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