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HIST 1001 Lecture Notes - Law, Scientific Modelling, Absolute Monarchy

Course Code
HIST 1001
Hal Goldman

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Hist -1001B
Lecture 22
Difference between authority and participation model
Louis XIV believed that his authority came from God
In England, 1603, Queen Elizabeth died after 45 years on the throne, she persecuted
Catholics and the protestants
Protestant church in England looked just like the catholic church
James the I, 1603 succeeded Queen Elizabeth, her nephew, she never married
James believed in absolute Monarch, like Louis XIV, thought very highly of himself, saw
himself as an intellectual
Firm believer in the divine right of Kings and Kings held all power by their selection of
God, their Monarch
Faced wealthy commoners who sat in Parliament
Countries where Kings are relying on mercenaries or paid permanent armies, role of
nobility is increasingly diminished
Wealthy commoners want a say on how things are run
Challenge James on religious grounds, they were a threat both politically and religiously
Challenging the King in Parliament, challenged by Sir. Edward Coke
Demonstrated an opening to the English democratic system
Limiting kingly power and the rights of free men
Kings do not hold absolute power -> magna carta
Coke’s fights with the crown show the important role played by courageous non noble
but highly educated men
Elevated because of their intelligence
James believed that King’s court was his, the judges should do as he says in a case that
involves him or his own interests
Charged with enforcing English constitution with its protection

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There are rules where the King as to obey the rules, James thought that he was
appointed by God and the courts were owned by him, so the rules did not apply to him
The protection that the courts allowed were not available in the King’s high courts, the
Star Chamber (Political offenses) and High Commission (Religious offenses), they could
be charged with the protection of King’s
As a high ranking judge, Coke refused to go for the King’s will
James would not tolerate it
Coke used his power as a common law judge to take proceedings outside of star
chamber and high commission and took them to the common law courts
Right to issue order bringing them towards Coke -> All the protection and civil liberties
were in place
James called all the judges out, said that the King could intervene in any case, Coke
disputed the Archbishop of Cantebury and the King
James said he would always protect the common law, but Coke said that the common
law protected only the king
James shook his fist at Coke and said that the judgement should be through the law
rather than “natural” emotions
Only lawyers know the law
King is subject only under God and the Law
Coke and King argue for years
In 1616, Coke was removed from his high position, he risked his life for an idea, that
even the king has limit to their power
By 1620, Coke was now a member as the House of Commons
Charles I succeeded James, like all Monarchs was in need of cash but was afraid to call
Parliament because they would air their grievances and protest against him
Have to get parliament’s approval before he could raise taxes
Parliament said that the King would need to do something for them before they would
approve of anything
Charles simply has Tax collectors just collect the commoners taxes as if taxes had
already went up
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