Depicting Sanitation Issues
The Structure of Mass Society
-the existence of wealthy elite
-who formed the elite (people who rose from middle class)
-the middle-class (doctors, nurses, teachers, shop keepers, artisans, etc) (frugal lifestyle very
often. Preached these values to upper and lower classes)
-characterized by diversity
-white collar workers
-Shared common lifestyle and values
-preached worldview to upper and lower classes (meritocracy, wastefulness, frugal
lifestyle instead of frivolous. Educational about alcoholism and violence etc)
-Victorian Britain a model middle-class society
-the lower classes (urban poor, industrial workers. Instead of rural peasantry. Dramatic change
in European society. Increasingly conscious of place in society. Threatens upper and middle
Labour party developed
Crowded streets, advertising (modern advertising). Consumerism BIG in Europe. Mass
marketing and advertising.
RISE OF MASS SOCIETY
Ideal family: mother alone with children, well dressed and proper with free time
The social democrats
-rise of working class adn socialist parties
-middle class retreats form overcrowded cities
-german social democratic party (spd) -most successful european socialist party. Formed after otta van bismark.
Rise in lesser developed areas, but mostly in the industrial centres because more people could
Social democrat and labour parties created, more radical than they are now of course.
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD)
-socialist laws overturned
-banned socialist meetings and trade unions
-shut down 45 newspapers
-evolution vs. Revolution
-german trade unions
Went after Catholics (allegiance to pope, and therefore not loyal to only the country. The pope
created papal falipabillity (sp) the pope is always correct about religion and morality...ex
cathedra which made the pope seem more threatening to Bismark. Religious instruction
changed, or schools closed) and socialists
Laws overturned. Denied ability for SPD to organize. Shut down 45 left wing papers
Idea of evolution (more moderate. Increase support across classes. If accused of being too slow
or not going to implement ideas, can say slowly but surely. Have to appeal to certain
generations of youth.) vs. Revolution (radical and left wing) dividing the SPD party. Moderate left
Britain’s Labour Movement
-radicalization of trade union movement
-unions watned to organize all male workers
-opposition to unionization of women -“family wage”
-labour party formed in 1900
-labour rep committee
-no actual membership at the time. “club” formed by intellectuals
-ineffective in elections partially because of radicalism
-cooperated with liberal governments from 1906 to 1914 to make it seem more
mainstream (ex liberals.) part due to this that it becomes seen as a more moderate gov.
-ramsay macdonald forms first labour government in 1924
-minority gov, falls in months (6-7 months, but still a landmark moment)
Fear was if women were in the labour union, supply and demand. Wages will go down, and
don’t have to pay women as much.
Racist in Canada, threat of wages that will go down.
Male workers need to be able to support entire family. “living wage” making a little more than
Unions: general strikes (everyone goes on strike) CAN COLLAPSE A GOVERNMENT.
Everyone in society can feel it.
(an officer in the French military at end of the 19 . He was jewish, and bothered the nationali