19 century ideologies
-liberalism: key is idea of limited gov intervention and free trade. Support of private sector
(conservatives of today in most cases). Fought for freedom of religion, suffrage, property rights,
freedom of speech, republicans PRO democracy, right to a fair trial (freedom from arbitrary
arrest, arrest can’t take place retro-actively), certain rights to protect you from police, freedom of
assembly and association,
-conservatism: wanted change, but slow, cautious and careful change within existing social
structures, like privileged classes, monarchy, and church. Didn’t want revolutionary change.
Money is beneath them, they are more elitist.
-socialism: tied to Engels and Marx. Destroy old class/social structure. Rally majority population.
Wanted economic equality. Benefited from rights Liberals were calling for. Linear view of history.
Moved in one direction. Rise up and demand rights. Start to move towards power.
Socialist view of history:
Feudalism->bourgeois democracy->socialism->communism (dictatorship of proletariat)
Can’t stop it, just slow it down.
-nationalism: tied to liberalism. Didn’t think people had to worry about reverence about
monarchy, wanted more emphasis to fight for the idea of the broader community and they are
-ideologies rooted in 18 and 19 century transformation
Page for the maps: 96 empires: Russian, Ottoman, Austria-Hungary, Germany, France, Spain,
Present day map: right after table of contacts 596. Or go online. This is for current capitals
-freedoms and role of government