HIST 1300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: The Columbian Exchange, Nomad, Antibody

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10 Aug 2016
Department
Course
History
Sept 17
Aboriginal Homelands
-Looking at maps will help differentiate different tribes of aboriginal. There were 375 different languages
in North America. Problem with maps is that they are static. Aboriginals pioneered ways of life that were
in touch with their environment. They adapted quite well, but it did create change.
-population for northwest coast is around 500 000 in 1500’s. The communities were fixed and larger and
more complex politically. They live a life governed by the seasons. They were ranked societies. Within
each long house they were many families, with elites and slaves. Chief decided when to move or allocate
resources.
-Lots of fishing (salmon). They would often smoke or salt the meat so it would last longer.
-Power of the chief was important to keep order during a spell where resources are scarce.
-Trade routes were being made all across the continent. As people moved to trade goods, so did culture,
stories and history.
-These were isolated.
-Trade routes brought them into contact with different tribes and somewhat prepared them for white
Europeans
Great Plains
-Buffalo hunting was very big
-The people who hunted them had to migrate like the animals. Able to predict where the animals will
move. Small groups (band societies). Each person has a specific skill or job required for the hunting.
-It was a precarious way of life.
-The band used every part of the resources it found. (Every part of the animal was used)
Eastern Woodlands
-Agriculture, corn, beans, squash.
-By 1500 the northward extension of the plantation of corn. Corn came all the way from Mexico.
-Agriculture was the duty of the women.
-fixed villages were finally created. Planting and harvesting required larger families to help with all the
labour.
-Population grew, as did the villages. Raids and attacked were also common though as neighbouring
villages grew jealous of another resources and mass crops and thus tried stealing them.
-Long houses. Organized by clans. The formation of confederacy.
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Part II: First encounters
Exploration
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