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hist1707a-jan92014.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1707
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
HIST1007­a jan 9 2014 The Enlightenment and Revolution in the Atlantic World 3 revolutions: American Revolution  French Revolution Haitian (Saint­Domingue) Revolution ­ all 3 revolutions are connected through chain reactions the world in 1775 ­ atlantic world was part of a global trading network ­ north american colonies on the coastline were under british control ­ other side was controlled by the french revolutions happened for: ­ intellectual reasons ­ new powerful ideas that inspired people to remake the world ­ socio­economic/political reasons Part 1: The Enlightenment (intellectual side) ­ this happened during a time period where there was a lot of questioning happening such as whether  or not there was god ­ influenced by the scientific revolution (the earth revolving around the sun) nicholas copernicus ­ found heliocentrism ­ earth revolves around the sun galileo galilei ­ made telescopes better ­ see the surface of the moon ­ confirmed copernicus's theory ­ church put him on house arrest for life isaac newton ­ came up with gravity ­ avoided supernaturalism ­ no faith such as religious stuff ­ he used scientific experiments to produce knowledge ­ enlightenment thinkers liked rational thinking john locke ­ criticized idea that monarchy had the right to rule ­ monarch was not legitimate ­ govs. should be established rationally ­ needed consent of the people voltaire ­ made fun of aristocracy ­ satirized the catholic church ­ people should earn their right to have status adam smith ­ radical new ideas in economics ­ lasse faire (let it be) ­ let goods travel as it may, initiative will pay off mary wollstonecraft ­ wrote a book about the rights of woman ­ criticized that women were property of men ­ women's property, money and etc were controlled by the senior man in life (ie. father,  husband) coffee ­ coffee came to europe in 1600s (first to venice) ­ first coffee house established in italy ­ coffee was important to enlightenment ­ it was a place for gathering ­ thinkers/intellectuals gathered here ­ public place where all diff classes met ­ ideas could jump class boundaries ­ women were not allowed in coffee houses in britain but were allowed elsewhere ­ coffee hou
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