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HIST 2401 (22)

US Hist Oct 17.docx

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HIST 2401
James Miller

 Strengthened US in relation to European and Native nations  Native nations forced to cede large amounts of territories  Creek Nation, for example  No further conflict with GB  Surge in Nationalistic Feeling  Second War for American Independence  But ... also fueled internal divisions  Federalists v. Republicans  New England v. South and West  Strong anti-war sentiment  Daniel Webster -National history is not about what you remember, it’s also about what you forget -Moved towards solidifying American as a standalone entity without Euro influence -Should we be allied with britian or france? Western expansion good or bad? Would this expand slavery? Regional differences concerning war of 1812 -people closest to Canadian border were very against the war (merchants, etc. said causes of the war are not the real causes of the war) “Quite too small a portion of public opinion was in favor of war to justify it originally. A much smaller portion is in favor of the mode in which it has been conducted ... Public opinion, strong and united, is not with you in your Canada project ... The acquisition of the country is not an object generally desired by the people ... You are you say, at war for maritime rights, and free trade. But they see you lock up your commerce and abandon the ocean. They see you invade an interior province of the enemy. They see you involve yourselves in a bloody war with native savages; and they ask you if you have, in truth, a maritime controversy with the Western Indians, and are really contending for sailors' rights with the tribes of the Prophet. Daniel Webster (federalist who spoke to people opposed to the war. Called madison’s war. Of first supporters of succession) -divisions about war, so congress had to decide. Close vote. -war is generally not universally popular until it is won Consequences of war  Opened the way to further westward expansion  The Paradox of America’s Westward Expansion  Unity and Division  National and Sectional  Creative and Destructive  Opened the way to further, rapid, development in areas of agriculture, commerce, technology  Westward Expansion and Economic Growth – A Symbiotic Relationship -proposed amendments to the constitution -ends first-part system. Some of these ideas re-emerge later in opposition to Andrew Jackson. -symbol of new America is eclipsed by the war -war hawks get their way. -5 civilized tribes, Cherokee, etc. settled societies. Settled in appropriate style of living -clearly lose out Territories and states:  Article 4, Section 3 of the Constitution New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress. The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State. Statehood Process:  Local referendum followed by petition to Congress  Proposed state government must be compatible with the federal Constitution  Joint resolution voted on by House and Senate  Simple majority required  Signed by the President  Welcome to America! -not necessarily sufficient pop -political process of states coming in is very orderly, but criticized for being very wild wild west compared to Canada West defines America in many ways  “The West” as Myth  Defining America  Lone pionee
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