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HIST 2902 (5)

The Bronze Age in Mainland Greece

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Carleton University
HIST 2902
Susan Downie

The Bronze Age in Mainland Greece ca. 2900-1100 BC Early, Middle and Late Helladic Early  Lerna ∙ House of Tiles... 'corridor house' style ca 2600-2200 ◦ seems to have been intentionally emptied before destroyed (by fire..intentional) ◦ public building in community ◦ some rooms are only accessible from outside, low benches along walls ◦ when house of tiles of destroyed, they do not build over top of all structures around house, and turn into a Memorial (cover with earth mound)..not touched until Mycennean period more than 500 years later  Break in Culture ca 2200BC ∙ foreign influence coming in..NW Asia Minor..from Troy ∙ appears are though new population is coming in ∙ Indo-European arrival ca 2100BC thought by linguists to have arrived at this time, however pretty difficult to prove as there are no examples of Greek writing until about 1500BC ∙ Proto-Indo-European...thought to be originating language, known to area of Caucasus (Caucasian) between Black and Caspian Seas..mass migration to cover all of Europe ∙ archaeologists think that it was much more gradual, first wave 2900BC or earlier by land, and second comes around 2200 BC which could explain mass destruction in Greece at this time  Megaron ∙ 3 parts ◦ porch with 2 colomns supporting roof ◦ anti-room ◦ harth room ∙ dates 4500BC ∙ leads archeologists to become sceptical about when Greeks actually arrived..these buildings are thought to be 'Greek' so..? ∙ problem is that Greeks are never a strong culture.. ∙ Aprisdal Megara at Lerna is a different kind of Megaron.. Middle  generally nothing happens..  many megarons built but no signs of culture flourishing Late(Mycenean Greek period)  Heinrich Schliemann ∙ poor, self educated..became a very rich business trader ∙ always had an interest in ancient times..Homer's Illiad and was particularly interested in Troy ∙ actually found the site of Troy which had never been known location before ∙ mound of Hissarlik..identified by Frank Calvert ∙ Frank Calvert ◦ talked to this archeologist...found mound essentially and bought some from government but didn't have enough money to excavate..brough in Schliemann as a financial backer ∙ Schliemann's Great trench ◦ basically dug a trench straight through mound of civilisation looking for riches and treasure ◦ complex...46 different habitations least 9 major city levels over 4200 years.. ◦ ruined..but found what he wanted to find..Gold..Homer tells that Troy was incredibly rich ◦ 'Hoard of Priam' ∙ Mycenae ◦ hilltop strong hold, was never 'lost' ◦ thought to be a fusion society of Minoan and Cyclatic ◦ Gr
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