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HIST 2902 (5)

Society and Culture

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Carleton University
HIST 2902
Susan Downie

History 5)Financial (public revenue and expenses) oikamonia "household customs"/ economics agricultural economy slave labour autarkia Public revenue - taxes? - liturgy system - tariffs and duties on trade - rents (public land) - contracts (natural resources) Expenses - no welfare state - sitesispublic food assistance..must be granted ∙ great benefactors of the state ∙ winner of olympics ∙ sometimes orphan sons of men who died in battle..very rare - religious worship/festivals...building of alter and such - diplomacy..sending embassies abroad - warfare ∙ travel, supplies, food Organs of Ancient Government - executive (implements decisions of gov't and law ∙ Masistrates..a politician ◦ appointed, elected or chosen by lottery - administrative (organization and prep) kind of like modern civil service ∙ remarkably small bureaucracy ◦ volunteer/liturgy by rich, contract, slave(from every social status..if your city state loses war, not unusual for winners to take entire population..doesn't matter if you were the richest in the past..) ∙ advisory capacity> council ◦ group of lower level magistrates to provide advice to other parts of gov't - legislative (sovereign body of state) ∙ assembly ◦ all men 18 years or older permitted to attend Forces for Revolution (stasis) in the Archaic Polis - political> aristocrat rivalry/factions(often armed mobs) - social> population pressures (rural and urban) ∙ mostly in cities, ie increases in population ∙ or lack of jobs - economic>wealthy merchants, indebted poor Solutions? - Colonization - Constitutional Change ∙ almost never occurs in history without violence ∙ Greek Tyrants (7th-6th BC) Tyrannos - appears in Aristotle's Politics (4th BC)...describes it as worst type of gov't..says king who has best interest of population is best - Gyges of Lydia ca 700BC ∙ could it have been "king" in lydian?? ∙ 'usurper''..from last king, seized power - 'dictator' in Latin (refers of army commander given power fr ∙ brutal and repressive? ∙ or a step towards democracy?? - Augustus, first emperor of Rome... Problems of Sources Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, Aristotle (ca 440-340BC) Halicarnassus and Lygdamis Athens, radical democracy and Pericles Macedon under Philip and Alexander all these authors not supported
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