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Lecture 7

HIST 3009 Lecture 7: Lecture Seven Ancient Greek Warfare.doc

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HIST 3009
Susan Downie

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Ancient Greece Warfare Lecture Seven 01/26/15
-king richer and more powerful than the wanax (army)
-Felestai lower class have less produce
-From tablets you have the structure of the society
Mycenaean Social and Military Structure
-Run by the warlords/ Robber / Barons / King
-Feudal system (treaty oath to someone)
-Wanax King (warrior king, keeps followers loyal by success in battle seen in their burials)
-Lawagetos (leader of the people and the army)
-But tablet says at some point and time they could be different people
-Hequetai (means followers) not average soldiers, elite group of aristocrats means companions
changers later to hetairoi and mans companions Alexander the great army - hetairoi lead of his
army tied personally to wanax from friendship and oat of service
-Tereta - average craftsmen/slaves all these people free or slaves bound to the army
-Royal Court system is in a feudal sense - system of earned status, not by birth (born aristocrat
but have to have earned military status)
-Army proclaims Alexander the Great as King because commander (he had older brothers)
-Ability bad success on the battlefield
-Inside megaton holding his Hetairoi providing hospitality and the largest booty from the war
and if you fought well you get a piece of this booty and honour. It is what creates the bond
between king and Aristocrats
-This is essential and how king keeps his followers close by gifts and earned status
-Tablets in palace - supplies of elite objects place monopolizes control also monopolizes bronze
because supply depends on foreign trade
-Wanax pre occupied with cooper and tin and he is parcelling this out to his followers for them
to be able to make armor
-Manufacture chariots and suits of armor
Pglos Tablets
Troop movements - chariot wheels (bronze rims) and troops in this one sending “watchers to the
coast” - Are those watchers troops looking from invasion by the sea? (and end of Mycenae)
Iconography Palace Wall Paintings
- only place that survived was from elite society average person didn’t have wall paintings
-Same scenes repeated at different palaces - sharing the artist or pattern books
-Mycenaeans like the same stuff not associated with particular historical events but they do
show warfare
-Another battle scene at pylos have weapons and bore tusk helmets and guy carrying a sword
you have two different kinds of troops one of the types is not armed with anything
-Greeks vs. “others” (the barbarians) “mycenaean soldiers vrs the others
-Wall painting comes from palaces 1500-1200 and after that nothing shows us maybe what they
looked like
-Armor before the palaces change over tome and this is all we have that depicts Mycenaeans at
the end of the bronze age
-Palaces gone but Krater - for wine at symposium and holding followers by hospitality is still
there after the palaces are gone
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