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Lecture 6

Oct 15_Lecture 6_18th and 19thCentury.docx

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HIST 3109
Roderick Phillips

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HIST3109-Social History of Alcohol th th Lecture 6: 18 and 19 Century Alcohol 18 CENTURY Port Wine New fortified wines made by adding distilled alcohol to wine Port and Medeira became popular at this time Port originally made in 17 to stabilize it for shipping  3% alcohol per barrel of port early 1700s  10% by middle 1700s  17% by end of 1700s  Now 20% Very Brisitsh, many companies even now are English  Generally only drank by elites  Demand so high in 1700s that could not keep up ▪ Began counterfitting port  Instead of using real port wine from the porto region in Portugal, would take others and add sugar, elder berries and spices to mimic flavours. When England discovered it was fake people stopped buying nearly as much and imports fell by 50% in 30 years and price dropped significantly  Wine law “Appellation” was created which means that name is reflectant of the place white it is made. Now heavily enforced in past 5-10years. This guarentees consumers that what you are paying for is ‘real’  1789 England started to import huge amount of port, 6 bottles per capita  Port becomes measure of masculinity in England. Men expected to drink 3 bottles and remain functional Madeira Made on Island of Madeira Pale, amber in color Added eau to vie to wine of Madeira in order to ship it long distances Sometimes barrels did not get dropped off in Americas and they found that it was even better than when it left Something about the transatlantic voyage (heat and rocking) that oxydized it Started off as a cheap item but became a luxery drink by end of 18 C th  Very popular on eastern seaboard  Similar to certain types of Sherries Drinking Habits Appears to be heavy drinking by wealthy  Either a new habit or old one that people are becoming more sensitive to Earlier there was a condemnation against drunkenness Distinction between drunkness and wealthy  Rationalization of attitudes against the poor  Poor would drink in public, loudly  Wealthy did so privately or in male clubs General sense that the poor needed to be controlled because their drinking was a danger to public order, where as when the wealthy drank heavily it was due to moral weakness and shouldn’t be punished  Alcohol implicated in violence in public and private, of divorce  Poor men drinking away all their families $$ Alcohol was never a reason that could be used to get out of crime though Soldiers/Sailors  Historically, given alcohol ration (5ox rum) to land soliders  Additional rations of special occasions  Could buy additional rum  No hard and fast rule of how much alcohol was given  Sailors in navy were given more because they didn’t have access to buy more  1830s American army was the first ‘dry’ that didn’t provide alcohol rations American and French Revolution Government makes a lo
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