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Lecture

January 21, Linguistics.docx

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Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 1001
Professor
Karin Nault

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LING 1001  January 21, 2014 Midterm -limited short answer - Multiple choice/T&F - Associations (two columns one with terms and one with definitions) Changing the resonator for vowels  • Tongue height – High, mid, low – Up and down (HEEE HAWW) • Tongue advancement – Front, central, back • Lip rounding – (HEE WHOO) – Mid, high and back • Tenseness – Lax or tense – Blue box i ɛ [High] æ Seat [mid] (round) [low] ɪ u set sat ʊ [back] [front] ɑ ʌ ɔ [central] ə [lax] [tense] What vowel? Peat, eat, meet [pit] /pit/ (vowel is nucleus of syllable) ᶞ R O N C /p I t/ - Onsets and codas are not mandatory in the syllable buy nuclei are Leak vs lick - not as tense as leak - tense is in the blue box luke vs look - Both are back vowels - Luke is more tense Transcribe  Took – 3 sounds Stick- 4 sounds Trick- 3 sounds (IPA /c/ I different than /k/ but in pronunciation you only hear one sound) Dell, dull, doll (all mid) Above, atomic (has soft /a/= shwah) Diphthongs  =Complex sounds • Buy • bay • bow (down) • bow • Boy • Ow! • Oh! • Oy! • Sequence of two vowel sounds within the same syllable i [High] (round) ɛ æ [mid] [low] ɪ u ʊ [back] [front] ɑ ʌ ɔ [central] ə [lax] [tense] e o This diagram has all the diphthong positions • Buy The largest slope; from low back to high front • bay the smallest arrow; from front mid to front high • Boy is from the mid back to the front • Bow down arrow from low back to high back • Bow tie from mid back to high back Only found in i English ɛ The one to right is the one æ with the lip rounding [mid] [low] [high] Faux false ɪ u ʊ [back] [front] ɑ ʌ ɔ [central] ə [lax] [round] [tense] e o y Tu ‘you’ Feu ‘fire’ Ø • 2.4.4 other consonants, e.g. [pf] (affricate= composed of a stop then a fricative), [t ] • 2.4.5 e.g. [q] • 2.4.6. other manner of articulation not used in English – trill [r] (Spanish) – palatalized consonants [n] in Russian – glottalized consonants [p ] Three things used to descried consonants - voicing (voiced, voiceless) - place (pharynx, glottis, uvular, velar) - manner (stop, fricative, affricate) Section 2.4.6. Manners of articulation NOT used in English  - Russian has lots of palatalized consonants (uses letter subscript in []) - Glottalizated stops- you have your vocal tract ready for pronunciation for both consonants Characteristics of segments  • Consonants – Place of articulation – Manner of articulation – Voicing • Vowels – Tongue height – Tongue advancement – Lip rounding – Tenseness Suprasegmentals  • Length • Intonation • Tone • Stress Length  • Comparing the dur
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