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Lecture 20

LAWS 1000 Lecture 20: DETAILED LEC NOTES - CARLETON UNI - JANE DICKSON
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Department
Law
Course
LAWS 1000
Professor
Jane Dickson
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 20 Legal Studies LAWS 1000-C LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL Required Readings: I. Course Reader, 25(a)-(c). II. Rigakos & Leung, “Plural Policing…” III. Commission for Public ComplaintsAgainst the RCMP, “Police Investigating Police…” IV. Doe v. Metropolitan Toronto (Municipality) Commissioners of Police REVIEW:ACCESS TO JUSTICE: PROCEDURAL ISSUES • McLachlin: Four Challenges to Canadian Justice 1. Access to Justice 2. Challenge of Long Trials 3. Challenge of Delays 4. Challenge of Dealing with Endemic Social Problems 1.ACCESS TO JUSTICE • Most people lack the means, knowledge & efficacy to act on legal problems Unresolved & slow to resolve legal issues create other social, economic & health problems • • Self-representation, plead out, or lump it 2. CHALLENGE OF LONG TRIALS • Length of criminal and civil trials is increasing • Justice delayed is justice denied 3. CHALLENGE OF DELAYS • R. v. Jordon • Delay undermines deterrent effect of “swift, predictable justice” 4. CHALLENGE OF DEALING WITH ENDEMIC SOCIAL PROBLEMS • Mental health issues may be most pressing issue confronting the courts • Courts asked to deal with many problems they were never designed to address • Is therapeutic jurisprudence the answer? • Action Committee: Six Guiding Principles for Change • Court Challenges & the importance of holding the state to account TODAY: LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL • Guest Speaker: Sgt. Diana Hampson, Ontario Provincial Police RIGAKOS & LEUNG, “PLURAL POLICING…” • Policing in Canada is ‘pluralist’as it includes a variety of policing and security agencies • Public Police • Core municipal, provincial and federal police • Private Police • Private security companies Lecture 20 Legal Studies LAWS 1000-C FOUR LEVELS OF POLICING: • First Nations Policing • Direct PolicingAgreements • Self-administered policing agreements • Community tri-partite agreements • Municipal Policing • May be provided by municipal force or by agreements with federal or provincial forces • Provincial Policing • Primarily through RCMP • Ontario & Quebec policed by OPP or QPP • Federal Policing • RCMP • Five largest police organizations provide 60% of policing across Canada • 1. RCMP • 2. Metropolitan Toronto Police • 3. Ontario Provincial Police • 4. Surete du Quebec • 5. Montreal Urban Community Police • Year-end operating expenditures for police services in Canada in 2014/2015 totaled $13.9 billion in current dollars *STEPHEN VAGO &ADIE NELSON, “THE ORGANIZATION OF LAW”, IN LAWAND SOCIETY:AN INTRODUCTION, CDN. ED. (PEARSON, 2014), PP.103-105. • Police Functions: • Order maintenance & crime contro
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