Crim Class 12.doc

15 views4 pages
22 Mar 2012
Department
Course
Criminal Justice System December 5, 2011
Pick up essay
Victims
Roles, rationales
Services, needs
Recent innovations
Victims want back in the system
Clarke: roles of victim/state
Victim
Raw material
Give evidence
Symbolic presence
State
Provide justice, moderation, rationality
Preserve order
Only power left for victim is to report crime-most don’t
Depends on what type of crime. Sexual assault is rarely reported
Victims don’t think criminal justice system will provide a response – frustrated or
anger
Anger and frustration led to victim rights movement
Victim rights movement developed in the 70s – started due to fear of crime and
people wanted to have control
Women’s rights movement contributed to victim movement
Victims Rights movement
Being left out=anger/frustration, wanting back in
Poor treatment by police/courts
Fear of crime
Law and order movement in U.S.
Women’s right movement
Self-help movement
Loss of faith in government that they cant do their jobs
Humanitarian concerns- workers compensation
Restitution
These factors all contributed to the victim rights movement
Victims are heterogeneous – needs aren’t universal
Different types of victims
No one organization that helps every person/type of victimization
No consensus on how to improve criminal justice responses to victims
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