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Lecture 8

LAWS 2908 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Academic Journal, Fraser Institute, Criminology

Course Code
LAWS 2908
Zeina Bou- Zeid

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LAWS2908 November 2, 2017
Secondary Sources I
Introduction to Secondary Sources
Why do we bother with secondary sources?
o How do we use secondary sources?
Provide information or evidence to help support your
argumentation/primary sources
Allows us to see what somebody else has said on that particularly topic
o Dealing with Counter-Arguments
Can be used to identify obstacles or counter-arguments
Don’t ignore them… presents a weakness in your argument
o Coming to know the field
Can identify avenues for further research
Provides the researcher with a sense of what is being argued by other
What positions have they advanced?
Helps explain why your research is relevant & contributes to the field
How Do We Evaluate/Analyze Secondary Sources?
Preliminary Screens
o Nature of the source
Review before publication?
Unfiltered vs. filtered source?
Peer-reviewed or not?
Has it gone through an established, published journal?
o A more sustainable & authoritative process
Journal’s website will explain the review process
o The more complex, the better
Advocacy vs. academics
What is the particular viewpoint of the advocacy group?
o Cannot go in blind without knowing their political ideology
Ex. The Fraser Institute
o One of the more prolific publishers of advocacy materials
o On the surface they seem fairly neutral, but they do lean
more politically conservative or libertarian at times
An academic article is not always neutral… has a particular
o Currency of the publication
Out of date or a classic?
Must ensure that the law referred to in the article is still current &
Classic articles don’t need updating
find more resources at
find more resources at
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