LING 3505 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Ditransitive Verb, Preposition And Postposition

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Class 7 – January 27
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Arguments and modiers - semantic
Compliments and adjuncts – syntactic
Compliments are subject specic
Sue kicked the ball on Tuesday
‘Sue’ and ‘the ball’ are arguments of the verb, ‘on Tuesday’ is a modier to
the sentence
How can you tell if something is an argument or an adjunct?
Intransitive verbs are called this, because they only take 1 argument (ex, cry,
sleep, fall)
Transitive: 2 arguments (ex, kick, eat, push)
Ditransitive: 3 arguments (ex, give, send, call)
Arguments:
1 – ‘core compliments’
2 – obligatoriness
obligatory  argument
Sue destroyed/devoured – the pizza
3 – specic preposition (PP)
Sue voted for Pete - argument
Sue slept for hours – adjunct, the verb is not asking for a time frame
The meeting lasted… - is asking for a time
4 – Iterativity
You can’t repeat arguments, but you can list several adjuncts
X John kissed Pete Paul
John kissed Peter over there in the park by the fountain
Iterate: adjunct
~ iterate: argument
5 – VP – anaphora (“do so” test) – this test works with adjuncts, arguments
and adjuncts behave linguistically di>erent
Sam ate cookies and Pete ate pizza
X Sam ate cookies and Pete did so pizza
Sam left last night and Tom left this morning
Sam left last night and Tom did so this morning
Jo relied on her wits and Claire relied on her luck
*Jo relied on her wits and Claire did so on her luck (works, but sounds
di>erent)
Jo quit her job on Tuesday and Claire did so on Friday
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