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February 11.docx

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Carleton University
PHIL 1301
Nalini E Ramlakhan

th February 11 , 2014 Midterm Review Format: • Short answer o 6 points, 1 point each o ~1-3 sentences each o Eg. What is empiricism?  Empiricism is the view that knowledge is obtained through sensory experience. Some proponents of empiricism are John Locke, who thought that the mind was a blank slate, and David Hume. This view is contrasted with rationalism and rationalist philosophers, such as Descartes, who believed that knowledge is obtained through reason. [A range answer] • True/false o 2 points, 0.5 points each • Long answer o 12 points, 3 points each (answer 4/5 questions) o ~2 paragraphs o Eg. What does Hume say about personal identity, and what are some similarities with the Buddhist doctrine of nonself?  David Hume was an empiricist, and claimed that we come to have knowledge of the world through our experiences. Applying his empiricism to personal identity, Hume claims that when we look inward in attempting to find an ‘I’ or ‘self’, all we find are bundles of experiences that are transitory. As a result, Hume claims that the ‘self’ is nonexistent, and we can view this as a false belief in self, where we use the term ‘self’ as a convenient designator. However, there is nothing over and above our transitory experiences, thus……. Review • 6 Day and relation to personal identity • More focus on readings • Descartes • Pl
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