PHIL 1500P – Lecture 1
Questions for today?
1. What is this course about? A: Participating in public reason
• Attitudes about issues
• What people happen to think
• But not their reason
• Also about issues
• People's reasons for thinking what they do
• Reasons that could have been applied
• What are the better arguments? (weaker? more than one answer?)
Issues to be studied:
• Responsibilities to distant strangers
• Inequalities in Canada
Inequalities are rising in Canada. Is that a bad thing, or is it OK?
• Would it be OK as long as the lowest-income people were better off than before?
• Would it be OK as long as everyone had a fair chance at better jobs & incomes?
• Do we care about inequality? Or just ensuring that everyone has enough?
• Does justice require that we are al equally free to live well?
Questions about war.
• War involves killing people, so how can there be any morality of war?
• Still, maybe there are cases when it's OK to enter into war (self-defense). • Even so, maybe there are some acts of war that are always wrong (targeting
• What is terrorism? Different types of terrorists? What do we consider a terrorist?
2. What does the prof expect? A: For each of the readings...
• Find relevant arguments in the readings
• Find their strengths and weaknesses
• Is one answer supported by stronger arguments?
*REMEMBER GOLDEN RULE*
3. What can we expect to learn?
• Analyzing public reason on 3 issues: Arguments on the issues + their
• Principles that apply + their limitations
• Reach other conclusions BUT: Make sure they are not weak and strong
4. Your work: Every week
• NO FINAL EXAMS, we get graded on work each week so...
- read and think about readings, attend and think about the lecture, participate
actively in tutorial
• How does this work?
- Reading + Lecture responses: 20% of final grade (reading response 250 words
due before the lecture
- Lecture responses (to a question posed in class) handed in at end of lecture
- Participate in tutorial: 20% of final grade
• Course outline lists reading for each week
- Some can be downloaded
- Some are on library reserve
- Some are in the coursepack
• Coursepack: Readings for PHIL 1500 • Essay 1 (2 prep assignments (8%)
• Essay 2 or Essay 3 (You may write on or both) (Best grade counts as 20%)
PHILOSOPHICAL QUESTION #1?
Arguing: One meaning of arguing (but not what w