PHIL 1550 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Sorites Paradox, Sentience, Moral Agency

20 views2 pages
Philo
Jan 17
Foetus a human being
-when we say this it is either false or irrelevant.
-foetus is human being in biological sense, but it is irrelevant.
-term human in moral sense, person, is what is important. A person is a moral category; a foetus
according to warren is not a person because it is neither conscious nor moral
6 psychological propriety needed to be a person
-sentient: ability to have experience, consciousness, sensations
-emotionality
-reason: think logically, solve problem
-communication
-self awareness
-moral agency: ability to be morally responsible and make right and wrong decision
-this leaves door open for infanticide
-and could also make some animals, especially mammals, are persons.
Warren
-However not all 6 are needed to be person, but at least a couple must be needed
-sentience is most important
-in 2nd trimester foetus becomes sentient. But this does not equal a person. An abortion before a foetus
becomes sentient is according to warren not even close to a moral dilemma.
-however her 6 psychological proprieties leave the door open to infanticide.
-if we need to choose between women and foetus, it is very easy to choose women
-this can also open the door to animals becoming “person”. Intelligent animals like apes, monkeys, dogs
can be classed as “person’s”
-not all humans are persons
-not all persons are humans
At what point does a foetus become morally considerable? (What conservatives would say?)
If abortion is ok can you kill a baby right before it is born? The act of being born does not make
something human. (conservative)
Sorites paradox can be used against this argument.
-losing one hair does not make you bald therefore losing your last hair does not make you bald.
-fertilized egg to baby creates the same problem.
Don Marquis
-everyone is ignoring the question, what is so wrong about killing?
-Marquis brings up the term FLO. Killing someone is robbing them of the future
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class