What does it mean to have a human right?
• Having a moral guarantee/entitlement
• Independently binding
Is having HRs enjoying/exercising them?
• No- moral guarantee only calls for protection
• Enjoying a right means having protection
Human rights are "that it's wrong for anyone to be deprived of that thing by the actions of others"
-> Captures the idea of wrong doing
In the case of a genocide, the human right to life exist, in the sense that the wrongness of that
genocide is real
Human rights not only belong to all humans, not only does everyone have a right to life, in
addition, they are binding on every human being, not only the entitlement that's universal, it's
also the obligation. Human rights are human in both of those sense.
To have for all human beings to uphold
• Secondly, in a certain sense, human rights, when not protected still have a justification
• Thirdly, they call for action, not just a vague obligation and entitlement, call for respect,
protection and support
• When talking about a human right about something, it is the wrongness of depriving
anyone of that thing is real
• When talking about human right, talking about an ethical entitlement
• Helps us understand the wrongness of being deprived of something and helps us
understand how human rights exists when they're not protected
o The wrongness of depriving people is the most important because of actions or
inaction of others
• How do human rights work as a standard of wrong-doing?
• It is independently binding for everyone, independent of where you are, the idea of
human rights is intrinsically opposed to idea of moral relativism
• No one is exempt of their human rights for any reason.
• Independent of the legal system
• Human rights, when talking about the wrongness, is not some vague moral wrongness,
It calls for specific action, respecting someone's right to life means not killing them, as well
as protection, people must be stopped from killing each other
• Protection enforces support
• Human rights require the right to life, other things besides policing to support right to life,
example, creating safer cities
• All of these set a specific standard for legal systems
Enjoying/Having Human rights
• Having an ethical entitlement
• Idea of enjoying a right has to do with whether that right is socially protected
• Still in an ethical sense have a right to life, but don't enjoy it (does not have to be having
pleasure, just that the right is socially protected)
• Free speech
• Freedom to engage in hate speech • University
• Elementary school