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Is Evidence Historical.docx

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PHIL 2301

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IsEvidenceHistoricalThe No coincidence Argument Whewells position is that while explanations can count as some evidence for a theory predictions are much stronger evidence He claims that the agreement of the prediction with what occurs is nothing strange if the theory be true but quite unaccountable if be not Inference to the best explanationthe best explanation is the correct oneoHe admits that this agreement might be due to mere chance or coincidence If a theory is invented for the express purpose of explaining some phenomenon the fact that it does explain it is certainly no coincidencethe possible reasons for the theorys explanatory success are not coincidence or truth but rather the ingenuityof the theorys inventorThe Falsification ArgumentIf a theory explains a known fact this information cannot potentially falsify the theory because it is already known that the fact explained is true oB
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