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Lecture

Animal Rights
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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 2380
Professor
Deirdre Kelly
Semester
Winter

Description
PHIL 2380 Feb 4 2014 Midterm: ­Thurs Feb 13 ­In­class ­1.5 hours ­40 marks ­5 Multiple choice questions ­8 Definitions ­Quotations ­Short answer out of 20 Animal Rights “Ask the experimenters why they experiment on animals, and the answer is:  "Because  the animals are like us."  Ask the experimenters why it is morally okay to experiment on  animals, and the answer is:  "Because the animals are not like us."  Animal  experimentation rests on a logical contradiction. ”  ­ Charles R. Magel “If we cut up beasts simply because they cannot prevent us and because we are backing  our own side in the struggle for existence, it is only logical to cut up imbeciles, criminals,  enemies, or capitalists for the same reasons.”  ­ C.S. Lewis ­Paul De Gelder ­Survived shark attack, now speaks out in favour of sharks ­PETA bear attack argument ­Uses false info to support her side ­Sad because her side is the right side ­Speciesism  ­Like racism or sexism ­Putting rights of certain beings ahead those of other ­Richard D. Ryder ­Human supremacy ­Excludes non­human animals from the protections given to humans ­Kant ­When we are good to animals, it is for the wrong reason ­There is no direct reason for us to treat them well ­But animals have moral standing; that is the direct reason to treat them well ­Kant and Rights ­Humans have rights because of natural features inherent in them ­Autonomy ­Moral agency ­Capacity for free and rational moral action ­Only fully functioning adults have moral standing ­Regan and Rights ­Kantian ­Different natural feature than autonomy ­Animals have the natural feature of being an “experiencing subject of a life” ­Experiencing Subject of a Life: ­“Have beliefs and desires; perception, memory, and a sense of the  future, including their own future; an emotional life together with  feelings of pleasure and pain; preference­ and welfare­interests; the  ability to initiate action in pursuit of their desires and goals; a 
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