PHIL 2380 Jan 16 2014
“If you are humble nothing will touch you, neither praise nor disgrace, because you know
what you are”
Would you pull the switch and save five people but kill one?
Would you kill one person to give their organs to five people?
Goal is maximum happiness
Everybody has an interest, how do we measure this?
Rationally, if you had a choice, could you choose?
Full Knowledge Theory
If you knew someone was being killed to save you, would you go
through with it?
Common Good Theories
That which is good for Canada as a whole may not be good for all the
individuals in Canada
Can promote environmental ethics
What’s in it for me?
If it’s causing stress on the lifestyle, there’s not much in it
Not everybody has a voice (like they do in utilitarian
Transgress deontological and utilitarian concerns
Nazi Germany believe they were acting in for the common
good of Germany
Common good is about promoting those close to you Teleological Theories
Telo: best function
How to promote the best function
Our job (function) as a species is to reproduce and survive
Anything that has a function has moral standing
Wider realm of moral standing
Why should we care about promoting things?
Teleological approach is outdated science
There is no way to understand the purpose of human
beings by focusing on one attribute/body part/function
Originated in ancient Greece
Plato and Aristotle
Popular until 20 century when deontology and utilitarianism emerged
Reemerged to rival the other two in 1950s under Elizabeth Anscombe
(Modern Moral Philosophy, 1958)
Acts to emulate the actions of a virtuous agent
Animals and plants can flourish
Demands good judgement and practical wisdom
Virtues and internal states that need to be nurtured but, once established, remain
Both moral education and good role models are key
If you want your kids to eat their