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Lecture

Virtue Ethics
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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 2380
Professor
Deirdre Kelly
Semester
Winter

Description
PHIL 2380 Jan 16 2014 “If you are humble nothing will touch you, neither praise nor disgrace, because you know  what you are” ­Mother Teresa Virtue Ethics ­Subjective Consequentialism ­Trolley Case ­Would you pull the switch and save five people but kill one? ­Transplant case ­Would you kill one person to give their organs to five people? ­Objective Consequentialism ­Dispositional Theories ­Goal is maximum happiness ­Everybody has an interest, how do we measure this? ­Rationally, if you had a choice, could you choose? ­Full Knowledge Theory ­If you knew someone was being killed to save you, would you go  through with it? ­Advantages ­Agreement guiding ­Disadvantages ­Not action­guiding ­Common Good Theories ­That which is good for Canada as a whole may not be good for all the  individuals in Canada ­Advantages ­Can promote environmental ethics ­Disadvantages ­What’s in it for me? ­If it’s causing stress on the lifestyle, there’s not much in it  for you ­Not inclusive ­Not everybody has a voice (like they do in utilitarian  theory) ­Transgress deontological and utilitarian concerns ­Nazi Germany believe they were acting in for the common  good of Germany ­Common good is about promoting those close to you ­Teleological Theories ­Telo: best function ­How to promote the best function ­Our job (function) as a species is to reproduce and survive ­Anything that has a function has moral standing ­Advantages ­Wider realm of moral standing ­Disadvantages ­Is/ought ­Why should we care about promoting things? ­Teleological approach is outdated science ­There is no way to understand the purpose of human  beings by focusing on one attribute/body part/function ­Virtue Ethics ­Originated in ancient Greece ­Plato and Aristotle ­Popular until 20  century when deontology and utilitarianism emerged ­Re­emerged to rival the other two in 1950s under Elizabeth Anscombe  (Modern Moral Philosophy, 1958) ­Acts to emulate the actions of a virtuous agent ­Eudaimonia­ Flourishing ­Animals and plants can flourish ­Demands good judgement and practical wisdom ­Virtues and internal states that need to be nurtured but, once established, remain  stable ­Both moral education and good role models are key ­If you want your kids to eat their 
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