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Lecture 4

PHIL 2550 Lecture Notes - Reciprocal Altruism, Bearer Instrument, Inequity Aversion
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2550
Professor
Joshua Shepard

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January 17, 2018
Quiz covers last Wednesday and this Monday (10 minutes to take, closes at
midnight)
Evolution of morality
- Some specific component of moral thought or behavior evolved
(showing this is quite difficult)
- Components view of moral psychology
What components are there? How do we decide this?
- Modules; specialized subsystems, working on proprietary information,
delivering proprietary outputs
- Visual system seems to care more about visual outputs
- Within the visual system, there are more subsystems; face recognition
- Inequity aversion
- Capuhi eseah; okes, siilal to huas, ae guided 
“OCIAL eotios. Peusos to ieuit aesio ae peset i
animals from which ou lieage split illios of eas ago. reason to
doubt this is actually taking place.
- Further reasons to be skeptical; if a component of moral psychology
evolved, it should be universal (culturally)
- Machiguengas of Peru;
- Components need not DETERMINE behavior
- Alternative explanations. Sometimes evolution hits on the same
strategy repeatedly.
- Replication crisis; studies from the past, do not excel with the
experiments taking place now and not getting results. Thought that
there might have been an illegitiate eseah o testig. Wee’t
replicating.
Normative cognition might have evolved. (as an adaptation)
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Description
January 17, 2018 Quiz covers last Wednesday and this Monday (10 minutes to take, closes at midnight) Evolution of morality Some specific component of moral thought or behavior evolved (showing this is quite difficult) Components view of moral psychology What components are there? How do we decide this? Modules; specialized subsystems, working on proprietary information, delivering proprietary outputs Visual system seems to care more about visual outputs Within the visual system, there are more subsystems; face recognition Inequity aversion Capuchin research; monkeys, similarly to humans, are guided by SOCIAL emotions. Precursors to inequity aversion are present in animals from which our lineage split millions of years ago. reason to doubt this is actually taking place. Further reasons to be skeptical; if a component of moral psychology evolved, it should be universal (culturally) Machiguengas of Peru; Components need not DETERMINE behavior Alternative explanations. Sometimes evolution hits on the same strategy repeatedly. Replication crisis; studies from the past, do not excel with the experiments taking place now and not getting results. Thought that there might have been an illegitimate research or testing. Werent replicating. Normative cognition might have evolved. (as an adaptation)
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