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Lecture 4

PHIL 2550 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Inequity Aversion, Replication Crisis, Social Emotions

Course Code
PHIL 2550
Joshua Shepard

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January 17, 2018
Quiz covers last Wednesday and this Monday (10 minutes to take, closes at
Evolution of morality
- Some specific component of moral thought or behavior evolved
(showing this is quite difficult)
- Components view of moral psychology
What components are there? How do we decide this?
- Modules; specialized subsystems, working on proprietary information,
delivering proprietary outputs
- Visual system seems to care more about visual outputs
- Within the visual system, there are more subsystems; face recognition
- Inequity aversion
- Capuhi eseah; okes, siilal to huas, ae guided 
“OCIAL eotios. Peusos to ieuit aesio ae peset i
animals from which ou lieage split illios of eas ago. reason to
doubt this is actually taking place.
- Further reasons to be skeptical; if a component of moral psychology
evolved, it should be universal (culturally)
- Machiguengas of Peru;
- Components need not DETERMINE behavior
- Alternative explanations. Sometimes evolution hits on the same
strategy repeatedly.
- Replication crisis; studies from the past, do not excel with the
experiments taking place now and not getting results. Thought that
there might have been an illegitiate eseah o testig. Wee’t
Normative cognition might have evolved. (as an adaptation)
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