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PSCI 1100 (39)

Desiree Hayward

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Carleton University
Political Science
PSCI 1100
Achim Hurrelmann

SASC- Marissa is available, 1-2pm Week 2: Sept. 16, 2011 The State and the Nation;  How can “the state” be defined? What is the difference between empirical and normative theories of the state? What arguments are advanced by some of the most important theories of both types?  What is “the nation”? What are some of the issues raised in empirical and normative….. Which is a state?  Catholic church: Has a government, has people to follow it, no borders (territory)  Vatican City: Not subject to Italian laws, has followers, is within the borders of another state (Italy)  Antarctica: Has a mass, has a territory, does not have a permanent population, has no fixed government  Somalia: No steady government (often the failed state)  Taiwan: China prevents it from becoming its own country (in the UN) Yet has all other necessities to be a state  Palestine Territories: Currently a nation, still struggling to become a nation  South Ossetia: The Russians consider it a state, Georgia does not. Has declared it is a state, is recognized by some other states **** How many countries need to recognize one as a state for it to be one?  European Union: It’s an economic and political association, some states have given up sovereignty to the union, it’s an association of states What makes a state?  The state… consists of government institutions that seek to generate and enforce binding decisions for a certain territory and population  Exercises a monopoly of force within its territory and regulates its affairs without outside interference (internal and external sovereignty)  Possesses legitimacy in the eyes of its population and is acknowledged in its state character by other states (internal and external recognition) Political Theory—Empirical and Normative Empirical theories: Seek to develop concepts that make sense of political phenomena as they are, and/or explain what they are about (Trying to make sense of the words as they are) Normative theories: Seek to develop concepts that envisage political phenomena as they should be, thus generating benchmarks for the evaluation of political realities (evaluating what you see in the world based on your understanding) Emergence of the state; some empirical theories  Organic theory- State is a reflection of the naturally social character of human beings  Force theory- State emerges as political rulers suppress their rivals  Divine theory- State emerges as a gift from God (chosen land/people) ie// Israelites—No proof to back up  Social contract theory- State is set up by an agreement between the citizens—mostly used on normative theories, yet historically it is used as an empirical theory  Functional theory- State emerges because it is efficient in enabling political and economic development ( state survives because it is better/stronger than others)  *** A normative theory could become an empirical theory if it were to be recognized
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