Class Notes (834,820)
Canada (508,737)
PSCI 1100 (40)
Lecture

Lecture No. 2 Theories of World.docx

2 Pages
132 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
PSCI 1100
Professor
Hans Martin Jaeger
Semester
Winter

Description
th Lecture No. 2 Theories of World Friday, January 18 , 2013 I. Traditional (or “Mainstream”) Theories a. Realism – long tradition in history of political thought, dominant since World War II. Study the world “as it is,” not how it ought to be. The core idea is that world politics is a struggle for power among states i) States = main actors; pursue national interests ii) Roots of conflict in human nature (lust for power) iii) International politics = condition of anarchy (absence of world government) iv) States face a security dilemma. v) Order in world politics through balance of power b. Liberalism - Roots in the Enlightenment (late 17 -18 century) beliefs in rationality, progress, individualism, constitutional government, human rights. The core idea is Peaceful international relations are possible, especially among democracies & by establishing international institutions i) States and non-state actors shape world politics ii) Democracy makes a difference in int’l relations iii) Social and economic relations between states create international solidarity & interdependence iv) International law and international organizations can promote cooperation among states c. Neorealism and Neoliberalism - Towards a “science” of international relations. NR: human nature < anarchy as cause of conflict. NL: anarchy + rational states = poss. of cooperation II. Alternative (or “Critical”) Theories a. Marxism – origin in the writings of Marx and Engels. Core ideas are Capitalism drives world politics and that Theory should not simply explain, but help to change the world i) Capitalism drives states and non-state actors towards conflict and imperialism. ii) Dominant countries exploit/rule subordinate ones just like capitalists exploit/rule the working class. → world politic
More Less

Related notes for PSCI 1100

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit